Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up

Ear Infection Health Center

Font Size
A
A
A

Ear Infections - Exams and Tests

Middle ear infections are usually diagnosed using a health history, a physical exam, and an ear exam.

The doctor uses a pneumatic otoscope to look at the eardrum for signs of an ear infection or fluid buildup. For example, the doctor can see if the eardrum moves freely when the pneumatic otoscope pushes air into the ear.

Recommended Related to Ear Infection

Understanding Ear Infections: Diagnosis and Treatment

If you or your child has an earache that is accompanied (in some cases) by a stuffy or runny nose and a sore throat and fever, it is likely that the ear pain is due to an ear infection.  Your doctor will examine the eardrum with an instrument called an otoscope for signs of infection -- not an easy task if the patient is a fussy infant. The doctor may also check for blockage or filling of the middle ear using a pneumatic otoscope, which blows a little air at the eardrum. This air should cause the...

Read the Understanding Ear Infections: Diagnosis and Treatment article > >

Other tests may include:

  • Tympanometry, which measures how the eardrum responds to a change of air pressure inside the ear.
  • Hearing tests. These tests are recommended for children who have had fluid in one or both ears (otitis media with effusion) for a total of 3 months. The tests may be done sooner if hearing loss is suspected.
  • Tympanocentesis. This test can remove fluid if it has stayed behind the eardrum (chronic otitis media with effusion) or if infection continues even with antibiotics.
  • Blood tests, which are done if there are signs of immune problems.
Next Article:

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: April 10, 2013
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

Today on WebMD

Ear Infection Slideshow
Slideshow
Earache Cold Ear Infection
Article
 
Side view of child's ear
Article
Syringes and graph illustration
Tool
 
Ear Infections When To Call A Doctor
Reference
Natural Remedies for Sinus Pain Relief
Health Check
 
Ear Infections Medications
Reference
Ear Infections Surgery
Reference
 
24 Kid Illnesses Parents Should Know
Slideshow
Parker Treating Ear Infections
Video
 
Ear Infections What Happens
Reference
Ear Infections Exams And Tests
Reference