Skip to content

Ear Infection Health Center

Font Size
A
A
A

Ear Infections - Exams and Tests

Middle ear infections are usually diagnosed using a health history, a physical exam, and an ear exam.

The doctor uses a pneumatic otoscope to look at the eardrum for signs of an ear infection or fluid buildup. For example, the doctor can see if the eardrum moves freely when the pneumatic otoscope pushes air into the ear.

Recommended Related to Ear Infection

Could Your Child Have an Ear Infection?

Even newbie parents can spot diaper rash or a runny nose with no problem, but ear infections may come with only a whisper of symptoms. Yet three-quarters of children will get one by age 3. "An ear infection happens when you get infected fluid or pus behind the eardrum," says Jennifer Shu, MD, FAAP. She is a pediatrician in Atlanta and editor of American Academy of Pediatrics Baby & Child Health. The most common cause? Colds. When secretions get trapped in the middle ear, viruses or bacteria...

Read the Could Your Child Have an Ear Infection? article > >

Other tests may include:

  • Tympanometry, which measures how the eardrum responds to a change of air pressure inside the ear.
  • Hearing tests. These tests are recommended for children who have had fluid in one or both ears (otitis media with effusion) for a total of 3 months. The tests may be done sooner if hearing loss is suspected.
  • Tympanocentesis. This test can remove fluid if it has stayed behind the eardrum (chronic otitis media with effusion) or if infection continues even with antibiotics.
  • Blood tests, which are done if there are signs of immune problems.

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: January 30, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
Next Article:

Today on WebMD

Ear Infection Slideshow
Slideshow
Earache Cold Ear Infection
Article
 
Side view of child's ear
Article
Syringes and graph illustration
Tool
 
Ear Infections When To Call A Doctor
Reference
woman cleaning ear
Quiz
 
Ear Infections Medications
Reference
Ear Infections Surgery
Reference
 
24 Kid Illnesses Parents Should Know
Slideshow
Parker Treating Ear Infections
Video
 
Ear Infections What Happens
Reference
Ear Infections Exams And Tests
Reference