Avian Flu: 10 Questions, 10 Answers
What You Can Do; What the Government Is Doing
3. What can I do about bird flu? continued...
Those caring for sick people during a flu pandemic should wear a facemask,
according to WHO and CDC recommendations.
The best way to limit the spread of flu isn't a facemask. It's following
these simple hygiene rules:
- Wash your hands often using soap and water. You can also use an
alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- When you cough or sneeze, use a tissue to cover your mouth and nose.
Discard used tissues in a wastebasket.
- Don't have a tissue? Cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve.
- Clean your hands after coughing or sneezing. Use soap and water or an
alcohol hand sanitizer.
- Stay at home if you are sick.
Even if you get sick during a flu pandemic, you're less likely to get
severely ill if you're healthy. If you're worried about getting the flu:
- Eat a balanced diet with plenty of vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat
- Drink a lot of water. If you drink alcohol, be moderate.
- Regular exercise is essential for good health.
- Get a full night's sleep every night.
4. What can the government do about bird flu?
The U.S. has a flu. This includes plans for deciding which people most urgently need
scarce hospital beds and medicines, deploying response teams, increasing
hospital capacity, and, when necessary, enforcing patient isolation and
The government will try to delay the arrival of a flu pandemic by isolating
ill travelers arriving from affected areas. This is not expected to prevent a
pandemic from sweeping the country.
In the event of a flu pandemic, the first thing that will happen is that
schools will close. Public gatherings will be discouraged or forbidden. People
will be urged to work from home.
It's expected that about 40% of children and 20% of working adults will get
the flu during a pandemic. Overall, about a third of the population is expected
to get ill. At least half of infected people are expected to seek medical
The government is stockpiling antiviral medicines. How large this stockpile
will be depends on how soon a pandemic hits. Eventually, the U.S. hopes to
stockpile enough flu drugs to treat 25% of the U.S. population.
The government will deploy its stockpiled bird-flu vaccine, but it's not
clear this will be effective. A truly effective vaccine should start to appear
about six months after the pandemic begins. It will take two vaccinations,
weeks apart, for a person to become protected.
Vaccines will be distributed to people in order of priority, in two tiers,
with group A having the highest priority in each tier. This list, from the U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services, does not include the 1.5 million
members of the military considered essential to ongoing operations and military