It is impossible to protect your child from all contagious illnesses.
But you can teach healthy habits to help reduce your child's risk of
infections. Teach your child:
wash his or her hands. Children should wash their hands each time they use
the toilet and after they blow their nose, especially if drainage has gotten on
their hands. Teach your child to dry his or her hands thoroughly after washing
hand sanitizers also kills germs that can cause
illness. For more information, see the topic Hand-Washing.
Not to share hats, combs, toothbrushes, or other personal
items with other children.
To use tissues and to cover the mouth
when coughing or sneezing. Show your child how to hold the tissues so that
drainage does not get on his or her hands. Tell your child to always throw
tissues away in a trash can.
To use only clean, dry paper towels
and tissues. Teach your child not to handle tissues or paper towels used by
Not to touch other children's blood, urine, stool,
or other drainage. Teach your child to tell an adult caregiver if another child
is bleeding or accidentally urinates or passes a stool.
Also, now and then check your child's hair and skin for signs of
contagious diseases, such as
lice. Typical signs include frequent head-scratching,
rashes, redness, or insect bites.
As a symptom of illness, sore
throat rivals fatigue for being both commonplace and a potential sign
of catastrophe. Usually, having a sore throat is nothing to worry about -- most
are caused by cold and
flu germs. In rare cases, however, a sore throat can signal something much
more serious. One of the first symptoms of infection caused by the dreaded ebola virus,
for example, is a sore throat.
And strep bacteria, a common cause of sore throat, especially in children,
can spread like wildfire...