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Cold, Flu, & Cough Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Cold & Flu

  1. Laryngitis - Topic Overview

    What is laryngitis?Laryngitis is an inflammation of the voice box, or larynx (say LAIR-inks), that causes your voice to become raspy or hoarse. Laryngitis can be short-term or long-lasting (chronic). Most of the time, it comes on quickly and lasts no more than 2 weeks. Chronic symptoms are those that last 2 weeks or longer. Check with your doctor if your symptoms last longer than 2 weeks. Your laryngitis may be caused by more severe problems.What causes laryngitis?Laryngitis can be caused by:Colds or the flu. This is the most common cause. Acid reflux, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Overuse of your voice, such as cheering at a sports event. Irritation, such as from allergies or smoke.Use of inhaled steroid medicines (such as those used to treat asthma). Problems with the way you talk or sing.Acid reflux is the most common cause of chronic laryngitis. But chronic laryngitis may be caused by more severe problems such as nerve damage, sores, polyps, cancer, or hard

  2. Antibiotics for Sinusitis

    Drug details for Antibiotics for sinusitis.

  3. Endoscopic Sinus Exam for Sinusitis

    An endoscopic sinus exam allows the doctor to see all the structures inside the nose and the sinuses.Before inserting the endoscope, the passages inside the nose are opened up with a decongestant medication and numbed with an anesthetic. The endoscope is guided up through a nostril and into the sinus opening, but it is not able to be inserted into the sinus itself.The test is usually done by an ..

  4. Endoscopic Surgery for Sinusitis

    In endoscopic sinus surgery, an endoscope is inserted into the nose, providing the doctor with an inside view of the sinuses.

  5. Antibiotics for Middle Ear Infection

    Drug details for Antibiotics for middle ear infection.

  6. Complications of Ear Infections - Topic Overview

    Complications from ear infections are rare,but they can arise. Some problems that can occur include: Trouble hearing. Hearing problems are usually mild to moderate and are usually temporary. Long-lasting hearing loss is rare. However,some children may have problems learning to talk and to understand speech if they have repeat ear infections. 1 Rupture of the eardrum. If fluid continues to ...

  7. Tympanocentesis for Ear Infections

    Tympanocentesis is the removal of fluid from behind the eardrum. The doctor uses a special needle with a tube attached to collect the sample of fluid. A culture and sensitivity test is usually done on the sample of fluid. Before the test, your child may get medication to help him or her relax. Or, a doctor or nurse may apply medication directly to the eardrum to numb the area. If there is a lot ..

  8. Tubes for Ear Infections

    Ear tubes are plastic and shaped like a hollow spool. Doctors suggest tubes for children who have repeat ear infections.

  9. Tympanometry in Ear Infections (Otitis Media)

    Tympanometry tests the movement of the eardrum when an ear infection or other middle ear problem is suspected. A doctor places the tip of a hand - held tool into the child's ear. The tool changes the air pressure inside the ear and produces a clear tone. Then, the tool measures how the eardrum responds to the pressure and the sound. The results of this test are used to help figure out what is goin

  10. Mastoiditis

    WebMD discusses the symptoms, causes, and treatment of mastoiditis, a bacterial infection of a bone behind the ear.

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