Ear pain in children may be a sign of an infection in the space behind the eardrum (middle ear). Ear infections (otitis media) most commonly occur when cold symptoms, such as a runny or stuffy nose and a cough, have been present for a few days.
To prevent ear problems and injuries in young children, breastfeed your baby. Breastfed babies have fewer ear infections. Avoid exposing children to cigarette smoke. Children exposed to secondhand smoke have more frequent ear infections.