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Avian Influenza (Bird Flu) - References


  1. Writing Committee of the Second World Health Organization Consultation on Clinical Aspects of Human Infection with Avian Influenza A (H5N1) Virus (2008). Update on avian influenza A (H5N1) virus infection in humans. New England Journal of Medicine, 358(3): 261–273.

  2. U.S. Food and Drug Administration (2007). FDA approves first U.S. vaccine for humans against the avian influenza virus H5N1. FDA News. Available online:

Other Works Consulted

  • Public Health Agency of Canada (2012). Current avian influenza (H5N1) affected areas. Available online:

  • Schünemann HJ, et al. (2007). WHO rapid advice guidelines for pharmacological management of sporadic human infection with avian influenza A (H5N1) virus. Lancet Infectious Disease, 7(1): 21–31.

  • U.K. Department of Health (2011). Bird flu and pandemic influenza: What are the risks? Available online:

  • Ungchusak K, et al. (2005). Probable person-to-person transmission of avian influenza A (H5N1). New England Journal of Medicine, 352(4): 333–340.

  • World Health Organization (2011). Fact Sheet: Avian Influenza ("Bird Flu"). Available online:

  • Writing Committee of the World Health Organization (WHO) Consultation on Human Influenza (2005). Avian influenza A (H5N1) infection in humans. New England Journal of Medicine, 353(13): 1374–1385.


WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: July 10, 2012
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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