The flu vaccine can help prevent you from getting H1N1 flu. The vaccine helps the body build immunity against the H1N1 flu virus. The vaccine causes your immune system to make antibodies. Then if you are exposed to the flu later, the antibodies can attack and destroy the virus. People who most need the vaccine include:2
There are two types of the flu vaccine: a shot, and a nasal spray that you breathe in through your nose. The nasal spray vaccine cannot be given to pregnant women and people with certain health problems, because it contains a weakened but live form of the virus. But these groups can get the flu shot. Check with your doctor or local health department to find out which type of vaccine is best for you.
Here are some other things you can do to keep from getting sick:
Avoid close contact with others who are
Wash your hands often, using soap and water.
Alcohol-based hand cleaners also work well.
Avoid touching your
eyes, nose, and mouth. Germs spread this way.
Try not to touch
surfaces that may be contaminated with the virus. Some viruses and bacteria can
live for 2 hours or longer on surfaces such as doorknobs, cafeteria tables, and
If you are at high risk for serious problems from the flu, consider wearing a mask over your nose and mouth when you are in confined or crowded spaces, such as on an airplane. When possible, avoid being in a crowd.
Try to stay in good general health. Get plenty of rest, eat
healthy foods, and drink lots of fluids.