Resection is another name for any operation that removes tissue or
part of an organ. Bowel resection, also called partial colectomy, for
colorectal cancer removes the tumor and part of the
colon or rectum on either side.
The goal of bowel resection is to take out the part of the colon or
rectum where the cancer is. Nearby
lymph nodes are taken out and tested for cancer. Then
healthy parts of the colon or rectum are sewn back together. Bowel resection is
done either by opening the abdomen (open resection) or by
Colonoscopy (koh-luh-NAH-skuh-pee) lets the physician look inside your entire large intestine, from the lowest part, the rectum, all the way up through the colon to the lower end of the small intestine. The procedure is used to diagnose the causes of unexplained changes in bowel habits. It is also used to look for early signs of cancer in the colon and rectum. Colonoscopy enables the physician to see inflamed tissue, abnormal growths, ulcers, bleeding, and muscle spasms.
For the procedure,...
Bowel resection requires
general anesthesia. You may stay in the hospital for 4
to 7 days or as long as 2 weeks after surgery.
Sometimes the two parts of the colon or rectum cannot be
reattached, so the surgeon performs a
colostomy. This creates an opening, called a stoma, on
the outside of the body for the stool, or feces, to pass through into a
colostomy bag. Usually the colostomy is temporary, until the colon or rectum
heals. If the lower part of the rectum has been removed, the colostomy is
permanent. Most people who have colon cancer don't need a colostomy.