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How Is Colorectal Cancer Treated?

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    Now that you know what is wrong, your next step is to determine the best course of treatment for your colorectal cancer. You have several options to consider. Your doctor will advise you on the best approach to take. Treatments may include the following, alone, or in combination:

    1. Surgery
    2. Chemotherapy
    3. Radiation
    4. Biological therapy

    As with many cancers, a team approach to treating colorectal cancer is often used. In addition to receiving care by nurses, social workers and counselors, and dieticians, you may also be treated by one or more of the following doctor specialists.

    Recommended Related to Colorectal Cancer

    Who is at Risk?

    For the great majority of people, the major factor that increases a person's risk for colorectal cancer (CRC) is increasing age. Risk increases dramatically after age 50 years; 90% of all CRCs are diagnosed after this age. The history of CRC in a first-degree relative, especially if before the age of 55 years, roughly doubles the risk. Other risk factors are weaker than age and family history. People with inflammatory bowel disease have a much higher risk of CRC. A small percentage (<5%) of CRCs...

    Read the Who is at Risk? article > >

    • Surgeon
    • Gastroenterologist, a doctor who specializes in treating diseases of the digestive system
    • Medical oncologist, a doctor who specializes in treating cancer with medicine, namely chemotherapy.
    • Radiation oncologist, a doctor who specializes in treating cancer using radiation.

    Each of the above specialists brings special skills to the treatment of cancer.

    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by Sujana Movva, MD on July 27, 2014
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