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Medical History and Physical Exam for Colorectal Cancer

You can help your doctor diagnose and treat your condition by being ready to answer the following questions:

  • What are your main symptoms? Although colorectal cancer does not always cause symptoms, common symptoms include:
  • How long have you had the symptoms?
  • Are your symptoms getting worse?
  • Do you smoke or use other types of tobacco?
  • What foods do you typically eat? Do you eat a lot of processed foods and animal fats?
  • Have you ever been told you have cancer, either colorectal or another type?
  • Has anyone else in your family ever been diagnosed with colorectal or another type of cancer?
  • Do you have any type of inflammatory bowel disease, such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease?
  • What drugs do you take? Make a complete list of all your prescriptions and any over-the-counter drugs, and take the list with you to your appointment.

During a physical exam, your doctor will:

Why It Is Done

A complete medical history and physical exam will help your doctor find the cause of your symptoms. It will also help decide whether you need more tests.

Results

The results of the medical history and physical exam may mean that a person needs to begin routine testing for colorectal cancer earlier than age 50 and have it more often. Your doctor may recommend earlier or more frequent testing if you:

  • Already have been diagnosed with colorectal cancer.
  • Have a first-degree relative (parent, brother, sister, or child) with an adenomatous polyp or colorectal cancer.
  • Are an African American.
  • Have had adenomatous polyps removed from your colon. This type of polyp is more likely to turn into cancer, though the risk is still very low.
  • Have inflammatory bowel disease, such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease.
  • Have a rare inherited polyp syndrome.
  • Have had endometrial cancer or ovarian cancer.
  • Have had radiation treatments to the abdomen or pelvis.

What To Think About

If your medical history and physical exam lead your doctor to suspect colorectal cancer, you will need more tests. These tests may include colonoscopy, fecal occult blood testing, sigmoidoscopy, biopsy, and complete blood count.

Complete the medical test information form (PDF)(What is a PDF document?) to help you prepare for this test.

ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical ReviewerKenneth Bark, MD - Surgery, Colon and Rectal
Last RevisedAugust 27, 2012

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: August 27, 2012
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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