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Colorectal Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Colorectal Cancer

  1. Rectal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - General Information About Rectal Cancer

    Rectal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the rectum. The rectum is part of the body’s digestive system. The digestive system removes and processes nutrients (vitamins,minerals,carbohydrates,fats,proteins,and water) from foods and helps pass waste material out of the body. The digestive system is made up of the esophagus,stomach,and the small ...

  2. Colon Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Treatment Option Overview for Colon Cancer

    Table 6. Standard Treatment Options for Stages 0–III Colon CancerStage (TNM Staging Criteria)Standard Treatment OptionsStage 0 Colon CancerSurgeryStage I Colon CancerSurgeryStage II Colon CancerSurgeryStage III Colon CancerSurgery Adjuvant chemotherapyTable 7. Treatment Options for Stage IV and Recurrent Colon CancerStage (TNM Staging Criteria)Treatment OptionsTreatment of Liver MetastasisSurgeryNeoadjuvant chemotherapyLocal ablationAdjuvant chemotherapyIntra-arterial chemotherapyTreatment of Stage IV and Recurrent Colon CancerSurgeryChemotherapy and targeted therapySecond-line chemotherapyPrimary Surgical TherapyStandard treatment for patients with colon cancer has been open surgical resection of the primary and regional lymph nodes for localized disease.The role of laparoscopic techniques [1,2,3,4] in the treatment of colon cancer has been examined in two studies.Evidence (laparoscopic techniques):A multicenter, prospective, randomized, noninferiority trial

  3. Rectal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - About PDQ

    PDQ IS A COMPREHENSIVE CANCER DATABASE AVAILABLE ON NCI'S WEB SITE. PDQ is the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) comprehensive cancer information database. Most of the information contained in PDQ is available online at NCI's Web site. PDQ is provided as a service of the NCI. The NCI is part of the National Institutes of Health,the federal government's focal point for biomedical research. .

  4. Colon Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage IV and Recurrent Colon Cancer Treatment

    Stage IV colon cancer denotes distant metastatic disease. Treatment of recurrent colon cancer depends on the sites of recurrent disease demonstrable by physical examination and/or radiographic studies. In addition to standard radiographic procedures, radioimmunoscintography may add clinical information that may affect management.[1] Such approaches have not led to improvements in long-term outcome measures such as survival.Treatment Options for Stage IV and Recurrent Colon CancerTreatment options for stage IV and recurrent colon cancer include the following:Surgical resection of locally recurrent cancer.Surgical resection and anastomosis or bypass of obstructing or bleeding primary lesions in selected metastatic cases.Resection of liver metastases in selected metastatic patients (5-year cure rate for resection of solitary or combination metastases exceeds 20%) or ablation in selected

  5. Rectal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Get More Information From NCI

    Sources of further information about Rectal Cancer Treatment.

  6. Rectal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage Information for Rectal Cancer

    Treatment decisions should be made with reference to the TNM classification system,[ 1 ] rather than the older Dukes or the Modified Astler-Coller (MAC) classification schema. The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and a National Cancer Institute-sponsored panel recommended that at least 12 lymph nodes be examined in patients with colon and rectal cancer to confirm the absence of nodal ...

  7. Colorectal Cancer Prevention (PDQ®): Prevention - Health Professional Information [NCI] - nci_ncicdr0000062763-nci-header

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http://cancer.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.Colorectal Cancer Prevention

  8. Rectal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Changes to This Summary (02 / 08 / 2013)

    The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.General Information About Rectal Cancer Updated statistics with estimated new cases and deaths for 2013 (cited American Cancer Society as reference 1).This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Adult Treatment Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or NIH. More information about summary policies and the role of the PDQ Editorial Boards in maintaining the PDQ summaries can be found on the About This PDQ Summary and PDQ NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database pages.

  9. Rectal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Treatment Options by Stage

    Stage 0 Rectal Cancer Treatment of stage 0 (carcinoma in situ) rectal cancer may include the following: Local excision (surgery to remove the tumor without cutting into the abdomen) or simple polypectomy (surgery to remove a growth that protrudes from the

  10. Colorectal Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Summary of Evidence

    Note: Separate PDQ summaries on Prevention of Colorectal Cancer; Colon Cancer Treatment; and Rectal Cancer Treatment are also available. Based on solid evidence,screening for colorectal cancer reduces colorectal cancer mortality,but there is little evidence that it reduces all cause mortality,possibly because of an observed increase in other causes of death. Table 1: Effect of Screening ...

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