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Colorectal Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Colorectal Cancer

  1. Stage II Colon Cancer Treatment

    Standard Treatment Options for Stage II Colon CancerSurgeryStandard treatment options for stage II colon cancer include the following:Wide surgical resection and anastomosis.Evidence (laparoscopic techniques):The role of laparoscopic techniques [1,2,3,4] in the treatment of colon cancer was examined in a multicenter, prospective, randomized trial (NCCTG-934653, now closed) comparing laparoscopic-assisted colectomy (LAC) to open colectomy.Three-year recurrence rates and 3-year overall survival (OS) rates were similar in the two groups. (Refer to the Primary Surgical Therapy section in the Treatment Option Overview section of this summary for more information.)The quality-of-life component of this trial has been published and minimal short-term quality-of-life benefits with LAC were reported.[4][Level of evidence: 1iiC]Treatment Options Under Clinical EvaluationAdjuvant chemotherapyThe potential value of adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with stage II colon cancer remains

  2. Stages of Colon Cancer

    After colon cancer has been diagnosed,tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the colon or to other parts of the body. The process used to find out if cancer has spread within the colon or to other parts of the body is called staging. The information gathered from the staging process determines the stage of the disease. It is important to know the stage in order to plan ..

  3. Treatment Option Overview

    There are different types of treatment for patients with rectal cancer. Different types of treatment are available for patients with rectal cancer. Some treatments are standard (the currently used treatment),and some are being tested in clinical trials. B

  4. Stage III Rectal Cancer

    Note: Some citations in the text of this section are followed by a level of evidence. The PDQ editorial boards use a formal ranking system to help the reader judge the strength of evidence linked to the reported results of a therapeutic strategy. (Refer to the PDQ summary on Levels of Evidence for more information.) STAGE III (OLD STAGING: DUKES’ C OR MODIFIED ASTLER-COLLER C1-C3) Stage III ..

  5. Evidence of Benefit

    Fecal Occult Blood Test There are 5 controlled clinical trials that have been completed or that are in progress to evaluate the efficacy of screening utilizing the fecal occult blood test (FOBT). The Swedish trial is a targeted study for the 60 to 64 age group.[ 1 ] The English program selects candidates from lists of family practitioners.[ 2 ] The Danish trial offers screening to a population ..

  6. Changes to This Summary (03 / 28 / 2012)

    The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.Changes were made to this summary to match those made to the health professional version.

  7. Stage IIIA Anal Cancer

    Stage IIIA anal cancer presents clinically as stage II in most instances and is determined to be IIIA by clinically evident perirectal nodal disease or adjacent organ involvement. Endorectal or endoanal ultrasound may aid in pretreatment staging. STANDARD TREATMENT OPTIONS: Treatment as for stage I and II disease,using radiation therapy plus chemotherapy.[ 1,2 ] Radical resection is reserved ...

  8. Stage IV and Recurrent Rectal Cancer

    Note: Some citations in the text of this section are followed by a level of evidence. The PDQ editorial boards use a formal ranking system to help the reader judge the strength of evidence linked to the reported results of a therapeutic strategy. (Refer to the PDQ summary on Levels of Evidence for more information.) STAGE IV (OLD STAGING: MODIFIED ASTLER-COLLER D) AND RECURRENT RECTAL CANCER ...

  9. Stage Information for Rectal Cancer

    Treatment decisions should be made with reference to the TNM classification system,[ 1 ] rather than the older Dukes or the Modified Astler-Coller (MAC) classification schema. The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and a National Cancer Institute-sponsored panel recommended that at least 12 lymph nodes be examined in patients with colon and rectal cancer to confirm the absence of nodal ...

  10. Colorectal Cancer Screening

    Tests are used to screen for different types of cancer. Some screening tests are used because they have been shown to be helpful both in finding cancers early and decreasing the chance of dying from these cancers. Other tests are used because they have been shown to find cancer in some people; however,it has not been proven in clinical trials that use of these tests will decrease the risk of ...

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