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Colorectal Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Colorectal Cancer

  1. Colon Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage Information for Colon Cancer

    Treatment decisions should be made with reference to the TNM classification [ 1 ] rather than to the older Dukes or the Modified Astler-Coller classification schema. The American Joint Committee on Cancer and a National Cancer Institute-sponsored panel recommended that at least 12 lymph nodes be examined in patients with colon and rectal cancer to confirm the absence of nodal involvement by ...

  2. Colon Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Treatment Options for Colon Cancer

    Stage 0 Colon Cancer (Carcinoma in Situ) Treatment of stage 0 (carcinoma in situ) may include the following types of surgery: Local excision or simple polypectomy. Resection/anastomosis. This is done when the cancerous tissue is too large to remove by local excision. Stage I Colon Cancer Treatment of stage I colon cancer is usually resection/anastomosis. Stage II Colon Cancer Treatment of ...

  3. Rectal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage I Rectal Cancer

    STAGE I (OLD STAGE: DUKES’ A OR MODIFIED ASTLER-COLLER A AND B1) Because of its localized nature,stage I has a high cure rate. STANDARD TREATMENT OPTIONS: Wide surgical resection and anastomosis when an adequate low anterior resection (LAR) can be performed with sufficient distal rectum to allow a conventional anastomosis or coloanal anastomosis. Wide surgical resection with abdominoperineal .

  4. Colorectal Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Significance

    Colorectal cancer is the third most common malignant neoplasm worldwide [ 1 ] and the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States.[ 2 ] It is estimated that there will be 148,610 new cases diagnosed in the United States in 2006 and 55,170 deaths due to this disease. Between 1973 and 1995,mortality from colorectal cancer declined by 20.5% and incidence declined by 7.4% in the ...

  5. Colon Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage I Colon Cancer Treatment

    Because of its localized nature, stage I colon cancer has a high cure rate.Standard Treatment Options for Stage I Colon CancerSurgeryStandard treatment options for stage I colon cancer include the following:Wide surgical resection and anastomosis.Evidence (laparoscopic techniques):The role of laparoscopic techniques [1,2,3,4] in the treatment of colon cancer was examined in a multicenter, prospective, randomized trial (NCCTG-934653, now closed) comparing laparoscopic-assisted colectomy (LAC) with open colectomy.Three-year recurrence rates and 3-year overall survival rates were similar in the two groups. (Refer to the Primary Surgical Therapy section in the Treatment Option Overview section of this summary for more information.)The quality-of-life component of this trial has been published and minimal short-term quality-of-life benefits with LAC were reported.[5][Level of evidence: 1iiC]Current Clinical TrialsCheck for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials

  6. Colorectal Cancer Prevention (PDQ®): Prevention - Patient Information [NCI] - What is prevention?

    Cancer prevention is action taken to lower the chance of getting cancer.

  7. Rectal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Changes to This Summary (02 / 08 / 2013)

    The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.General Information About Rectal Cancer Updated statistics with estimated new cases and deaths for 2013 (cited American Cancer Society as reference 1).This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Adult Treatment Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or NIH. More information about summary policies and the role of the PDQ Editorial Boards in maintaining the PDQ summaries can be found on the About This PDQ Summary and PDQ NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database pages.

  8. Colorectal Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Patient Information [NCI] - Questions or Comments About This Summary

    If you have questions or comments about this summary,please send them to Cancer.gov through the Web site’s Contact Form. We can respond only to email messages written in English. ...

  9. Colon Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage 0 Colon Cancer Treatment

    Stage 0 colon cancer is the most superficial of all the lesions and is limited to the mucosa without invasion of the lamina propria. Because of its superficial nature, the surgical procedure may be limited.Standard Treatment Options for Stage 0 Colon CancerSurgeryStandard treatment options for stage 0 colon cancer include the following:Local excision or simple polypectomy with clear margins.Colon resection for larger lesions not amenable to local excision.Current Clinical TrialsCheck for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with stage 0 colon cancer. The list of clinical trials can be further narrowed by location, drug, intervention, and other criteria.General information about clinical trials is also available from the NCI Web site.

  10. Colorectal Cancer Prevention (PDQ®): Prevention - Patient Information [NCI] - General Information About Colorectal Cancer

    Colorectal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the colon or the rectum.

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