The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.Editorial changes were made to this summary.
After rectal cancer has been diagnosed,tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the rectum or to other parts of the body. The process used to find out whether cancer has spread within the rectum or to other parts of the body is called
The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.General Information About Colon CancerUpdated statistics with estimated new cases and deaths for 2013 (cited American Cancer Society as reference 1).Stage III Colon Cancer TreatmentAdded text to state that for patients with stage III colon cancer, capecitabine provides equivalent outcome to intravenous 5-FU and leucovorin.Stage IV and Recurrent Colon Cancer TreatmentRevised text to state that a meta-analysis of the randomized studies, which were all done in the era when only fluoropyrimidines were available for systemic therapy, did not demonstrate a survival advantage (cited Mocellin et al. as reference 40).Added text to include aflibercept as one of the eight active and approved drugs for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.Added text to state that a major question was whether the use
Local recurrences and/or persistent disease after treatment with radiation therapy and chemotherapy or surgery as the primary treatment may be controlled by using the alternate treatment (surgical resection after radiation and vice versa).[ 1 ] Clinical trials are exploring the use of radiation therapy with chemotherapy and/or radiosensitizers to improve local control. Information about ongoing .
PURPOSE OF THIS SUMMARY This PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive,peer-reviewed,evidence-based information about the treatment of anal cancer. It is intended as a resource to inform and assist clinicians who care for cancer patients. It does not provide formal guidelines or recommendations for making health care decisions. REVIEWERS AND UPDATES This ...
Colorectal cancer in its early stages usually doesn't cause any symptoms. Symptoms occur later, when the cancer may be more difficult to treat. The most common symptoms include: Pain in the belly. Blood in your stool or very dark stools. A change in your
Cancer is the growth of abnormal cells in the body; these extra cells grow together and form masses, called tumors. In colorectal cancer, these growths usually start as polyps in the large intestine (colon or rectum).