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Colorectal Cancer Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Colorectal Cancer

  1. Anal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - General Information About Anal Cancer

    Note: Estimated new cases and deaths from anal cancer (and anal canal and anorectal) in the United States in 2010:[ 1 ] New cases: 5,260. Deaths: 720. Anal cancer is usually curable. The three major prognostic factors are site (anal canal vs. perianal skin),size (primary tumors <2 cm in size have better prognoses),and nodal status. Anal cancer is an uncommon malignancy and accounts for ...

  2. Colorectal Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Evidence of Harms

    Harms are associated with the various modalities used to screen for colorectal cancer (CRC). Fecal Occult Blood Testing (FOBT) A systematic review done through the Cochrane Collaboration examined all CRC screening randomized trials that involved FOBT on more than one occasion. The trials reported a low positive predictive value for the FOBT,suggesting that more than 80% of all positive tests ...

  3. Colon Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - General Information About Colon Cancer

    Colon cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the colon.The colon is part of the body's digestive system. The digestive system removes and processes nutrients (vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and water) from foods and helps pass waste material out of the body. The digestive system is made up of the esophagus, stomach, and the small and large intestines. The first 6 feet of the large intestine are called the large bowel or colon. The last 6 inches are the rectum and the anal canal. The anal canal ends at the anus (the opening of the large intestine to the outside of the body).Anatomy of the lower digestive system, showing the colon and other organs.Gastrointestinal stromal tumors can occur in the colon. See the PDQ summary on Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors Treatment for more information. See the PDQ summary about Unusual Cancers of Childhood for information about colorectal cancer in children.Health history can affect the risk of

  4. Rectal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Treatment Options by Stage

    Stage 0 Rectal Cancer Treatment of stage 0 (carcinoma in situ) rectal cancer may include the following: Local excision (surgery to remove the tumor without cutting into the abdomen) or simple polypectomy (surgery to remove a growth that protrudes from the

  5. Anal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Stage IV Anal Cancer

    Patients in this stage should be considered candidates for clinical trials. Information about ongoing clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site. There is no standard chemotherapy for patients with metastatic disease. Palliation of symptoms from the primary lesion is of major importance. STANDARD TREATMENT OPTIONS: Palliative surgery. Palliative irradiation. Palliative combined ...

  6. Colorectal Cancer Prevention (PDQ®): Prevention - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Changes to This Summary (02 / 15 / 2013)

    The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.Description of the EvidenceUpdated statistics with estimated new cases and deaths for 2013 (cited American Cancer Society as reference 2).This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Screening and Prevention Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or NIH. More information about summary policies and the role of the PDQ Editorial Boards in maintaining the PDQ summaries can be found on the About This PDQ Summary and PDQ NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database pages.

  7. Lynch Syndrome

    Important It is possible that the main title of the report Lynch Syndromes is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report. ...

  8. Colorectal Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Patient Information [NCI] - Questions or Comments About This Summary

    If you have questions or comments about this summary,please send them to Cancer.gov through the Web site’s Contact Form. We can respond only to email messages written in English. ...

  9. Colon Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - nci_ncicdr0000062954-nci-header

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http://cancer.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.Colon Cancer Treatment

  10. Colorectal Cancer Screening (PDQ®): Screening - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Evidence of Benefit

    Fecal Occult Blood Test There are 5 controlled clinical trials that have been completed or that are in progress to evaluate the efficacy of screening utilizing the fecal occult blood test (FOBT). The Swedish trial is a targeted study for the 60 to 64 age group.[ 1 ] The English program selects candidates from lists of family practitioners.[ 2 ] The Danish trial offers screening to a population ..

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