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    Colorectal Cancer Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Colorectal Cancer

    1. Colorectal Cancer, Metastatic or Recurrent - nci_ncicdr0000258008-nci-header

      This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http://cancer.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.Colorectal Cancer Screening

    2. Colorectal Cancer, Metastatic or Recurrent - What is screening?

      Screening is looking for cancer before a person has any symptoms. This can help find cancer at an early stage. When abnormal tissue or cancer is found early,it may be easier to treat. By the time symptoms appear,cancer may have begun to spread. Scientists are trying to better understand which people are more likely to get certain types of cancer. They also study the things we do and the ...

    3. Colon Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Changes to This Summary (10 / 15 / 2014)

      The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.Changes were made to this summary to match those made to the health professional version.

    4. Rectal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - To Learn More About Rectal Cancer

      For more information from the National Cancer Institute about rectal cancer, see the following:Colon and Rectal Cancer Home PageWhat You Need to Know About™ Cancer of the Colon and RectumColorectal Cancer PreventionColorectal Cancer ScreeningTests to Detect Colorectal Cancer and PolypsUnusual Cancers of ChildhoodCryosurgery in Cancer Treatment: Questions and AnswersDrugs Approved for Rectal CancerTargeted Cancer TherapiesUnderstanding Cancer Series: Targeted Therapies(Advances in Targeted Therapies)Genetic Testing for Hereditary Cancer SyndromesFor general cancer information and other resources from the National Cancer Institute, see the following:What You Need to Know About™ CancerUnderstanding Cancer Series: CancerCancer StagingChemotherapy and You: Support for People With CancerRadiation Therapy and You: Support for People With CancerCoping with Cancer: Supportive and Palliative CareQuestions to Ask Your Doctor About CancerCancer LibraryInformation For

    5. Colorectal Cancer, Metastatic or Recurrent - Summary of Evidence

      Note: Separate PDQ summaries on Prevention of Colorectal Cancer; Colon Cancer Treatment; and Rectal Cancer Treatment are also available. Based on solid evidence,screening for colorectal cancer reduces colorectal cancer mortality,but there is little evidence that it reduces all cause mortality,possibly because of an observed increase in other causes of death. Table 1: Effect of Screening ...

    6. Rectal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Stage Information for Colon Cancer

      Treatment decisions should be made with reference to the TNM classification [1] rather than to the older Dukes or the Modified Astler-Coller classification schema.The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) and a National Cancer Institute–sponsored panel recommended that at least 12 lymph nodes be examined in patients with colon and rectal cancer to confirm the absence of nodal involvement by tumor.[2,3,4] This recommendation takes into consideration that the number of lymph nodes examined is a reflection of the aggressiveness of lymphovascular mesenteric dissection at the time of surgical resection and the pathologic identification of nodes in the specimen. Retrospective studies demonstrated that the number of lymph nodes examined in colon and rectal surgery may be associated with patient outcome.[5,6,7,8]AJCC Stage Groupings and TNM DefinitionsThe AJCC has designated staging by TNM classification to define

    7. Rectal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI] - Cellular Classification and Pathology of Rectal Cancer

      The World Health Organization (WHO) classification of tumors of the colon and rectum include the following:[1]Epithelial TumorsAdenomaTubular.Villous.Tubulovillous.Serrated.Intraepithelial neoplasia (dysplasia) associated with chronic inflammatory diseasesLow-grade glandular intraepithelial neoplasia.High-grade glandular intraepithelial neoplasia.CarcinomaAdenocarcinoma.Mucinous adenocarcinoma.Signet-ring cell carcinoma.Small cell carcinoma.Adenosquamous carcinoma.Medullary carcinoma.Undifferentiated carcinoma.Carcinoid (well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasm)Enterochromaffin (EC)-cell, serotonin-producing neoplasm.L-cell, glucagon-like peptide and pancreatic polypeptide/peptide YY (PYY)-producing tumor.Others.Mixed carcinoma-adenocarcinomaOthers.Nonepithelial TumorsLipoma.Leiomyoma.Gastrointestinal stromal tumor.Leiomyosarcoma.Angiosarcoma.Kaposi sarcoma.Melanoma.Others.Malignant lymphomasMarginal zone B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue type.Mantle cell

    8. Rectal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Get More Information From NCI

      Call 1-800-4-CANCERFor more information, U.S. residents may call the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Cancer Information Service toll-free at 1-800-4-CANCER (1-800-422-6237) Monday through Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., Eastern Time. A trained Cancer Information Specialist is available to answer your questions.Chat online The NCI's LiveHelp® online chat service provides Internet users with the ability to chat online with an Information Specialist. The service is available from 8:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. Eastern time, Monday through Friday. Information Specialists can help Internet users find information on NCI Web sites and answer questions about cancer. Write to usFor more information from the NCI, please write to this address:NCI Public Inquiries Office9609 Medical Center Dr. Room 2E532 MSC 9760Bethesda, MD 20892-9760Search the NCI Web siteThe NCI Web site provides online access to information on cancer, clinical trials, and other Web sites and organizations that offer support

    9. Rectal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Get More Information From NCI

      Call 1-800-4-CANCERFor more information, U.S. residents may call the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Cancer Information Service toll-free at 1-800-4-CANCER (1-800-422-6237) Monday through Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., Eastern Time. A trained Cancer Information Specialist is available to answer your questions.Chat online The NCI's LiveHelp® online chat service provides Internet users with the ability to chat online with an Information Specialist. The service is available from 8:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m. Eastern time, Monday through Friday. Information Specialists can help Internet users find information on NCI Web sites and answer questions about cancer. Write to usFor more information from the NCI, please write to this address:NCI Public Inquiries Office9609 Medical Center Dr. Room 2E532 MSC 9760Bethesda, MD 20892-9760Search the NCI Web siteThe NCI Web site provides online access to information on cancer, clinical trials, and other Web sites and organizations that offer support

    10. Colorectal Cancer Screening - Stage 0 Colon Cancer Treatment

      Stage 0 colon cancer is the most superficial of all the lesions and is limited to the mucosa without invasion of the lamina propria. Because of its superficial nature, the surgical procedure may be limited.Standard Treatment Options for Stage 0 Colon CancerSurgeryStandard treatment options for stage 0 colon cancer include the following:Local excision or simple polypectomy with clear margins.Colon resection for larger lesions not amenable to local excision.Current Clinical TrialsCheck for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with stage 0 colon cancer. The list of clinical trials can be further narrowed by location, drug, intervention, and other criteria.General information about clinical trials is also available from the NCI Web site.

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