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    FDA Approves New Colon Cancer Drug

    Vectibix Follows Chemotherapy for Colorectal Cancer That Has Spread
    By
    WebMD Health News
    Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD

    Sept. 27, 2006 -- The FDA today approved a new drug called Vectibix to help treat colorectal cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.

    Vectibix is to be given by IV following standard chemotherapy treatment.

    The FDA put Vectibix on its fast track for approval after the drug showed effectiveness in slowing tumor growth, and, in some cases, reducing tumor size.

    According to the FDA, an estimated 150,000 new cases of colon cancerwill be diagnosed and 55,000 deaths will occur from colorectal cancer in 2006.

    "Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer mortality in the United States," says Steven Galson, MD, MPH, in an FDA news release.

    Galson directs the FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research.

    "This approval adds a treatment option for patients with an advanced stage of a disease that can be life-threatening," Galson says.

    About the Drug

    Vectibix is a monoclonal antibody.

    Antibodies are the body's natural defense against foreign substances, such as infection or cancer cells. Monoclonal antibodies are made in a lab to target a very specific portion of foreign substances.

    Vectibix binds to a protein called epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), which is found in about 70% of all colorectal cancers, according to the FDA.

    Vectibix isn't the first monoclonal antibody for colorectal cancer. Another monoclonal antibody, Erbitux, also targets EGFR in colorectal cancer.

    A third monoclonal antibody, Avastin, also treats colorectal cancer. It's believed to target a different growth factor (vascular endothelial growth factor, or VEGF).

    Erbitux was approved by the FDA on Feb. 12, 2004. The FDA approved Avastin two weeks later.

    Drug's Trials

    The FDA approved Vectibix based on the results of clinical trials that included 463 patients in Europe with metastatic colorectal cancer.

    The patients had already gotten chemotherapy using three chemotherapy drugs. Afterwards, they all got "best supportive care."

    Half of the patients also got Vectibix as soon as the trial began. The rest were allowed to take Vectibix if their tumor worsened.

    On average, patients taking Vectibix lived 96 days before they died of their canceror before their cancer worsened, compared with 60 days for those who originally just got best supportive care.

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