Colon Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Treatment Options for Colon Cancer
Stage IV and Recurrent Colon Cancer
Treatment of stage IV and recurrent colon cancer may include the following:
- Local excision for tumors that have recurred.
- Resection with or without anastomosis.
- Surgery to remove parts of other organs, such as the liver, lungs, and ovaries, where the cancer may have recurred or spread. Treatment of cancer that has spread to the liver may also include the following:
- Chemotherapy given before surgery to shrink the tumor, after surgery, or both before and after.
- Radiofrequency ablation or cryosurgery, for patients who cannot have surgery.
- Chemoembolization of the hepatic artery.
- Radiation therapy or chemotherapy may be offered to some patients as palliative therapy to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life.
- Chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy with a monoclonal antibody or an angiogenesis inhibitor.
- Clinical trials of chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy.
Check for U.S. clinical trials from NCI's list of cancer clinical trials that are now accepting patients with stage IV colon cancer and recurrent colon cancer. For more specific results, refine the search by using other search features, such as the location of the trial, the type of treatment, or the name of the drug. Talk with your doctor about clinical trials that may be right for you. General information about clinical trials is available from the NCI Web site.