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Other Birth Control Options

Along with condoms, spermicides, birth control pills, Implanon, Nexplanon, Depo-Provera, and sterilization, there are a variety of other birth control methods to choose from, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. Before deciding on an approach, be sure to discuss all the options with your partner and doctor to determine which is best for you.

What Is NuvaRing?

NuvaRing is a birth control method for women. It is a small, flexible contraceptive ring, about the size of a silver dollar.

How Does NuvaRing Work?

NuvaRing contains similar hormones as many birth control pills. It is self-inserted into the vagina, where it is left for three weeks. There, a continuous, low dose of hormones is released from the vagina into the bloodstream.

The ring is then removed for one week. This is the week you'll have your period.


How Effective Is NuvaRing?

When used correctly, NuvaRing is 98%-99% effective in preventing pregnancy.

Are There Side Effects Associated With NuvaRing?

The most common side effects reported by NuvaRing users are:

  • Headache
  • Weight gain
  • Nausea
  • Vaginal infections and irritation
  • Vaginal secretion


Who Should Not Use NuvaRing?

Some women should not consider the NuvaRing. They include women:

  • With a history of blood clots, heart attack, or stroke
  • With certain cancers
  • Who are pregnant or think they might be
  • Who smoke and are over age 35
  • Who have liver disease


Does NuvaRing Protect Against Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

No. NuvaRing does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including HIV (the virus that causes AIDS). The male condom provides the best protection from most STDs.

What's the Birth Control Patch (Ortho Evra)?

Ortho Evra is a tiny skin patch with hormones similar to what is contained in many birth control pills. Women can wear this patch on the buttocks, abdomen, upper torso (except for the breasts), or the outer part of your upper arm. You should not place the patch on skin that is red, irritated, or cut, or skin where you apply makeup, creams, or powders.

How Does the Birth Control Patch Work?

A new birth control patch is worn for one week and then replaced on the same day of the week for three consecutive weeks. The fourth week is a "patch-free week". This is when you should have your period.

Women should only wear one patch at a time.

The contraceptive patch prevents pregnancy by delivering a continuous amount of two hormones, estrogen and progestin, through the skin and into the blood stream.

How Effective Is the Birth Control Patch?

The Ortho Evra contraceptive patch is 99% effective when used correctly.

Are There Side Effects Associated With The Birth Control Patch?

There are a few possible side effects of the birth control patch, among them the risk of developing blood clots. Others include:

  • Breast tenderness
  • Headache
  • Rash or redness at the site of the patch
  • Nausea
  • Irregular vaginal bleeding


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WebMD Medical Reference

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