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Other Birth Control Options

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Where Do I Get a Cervical Cap?

The cervical cap comes in three sizes and the fit must be determined by your doctor.

How Effective Is the Cervical Cap?

The initial cervical cap was about 86% effective. The cap currently available is a second-generation cap and is thought to be more effective in preventing pregnancy. Effectiveness of the cervical cap is lower for women who have already had a child.

Does the Cervical Cap Protect Against Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

No. Using a cervical cap and spermicide may not protect against some STDs, including HIV (the virus that causes AIDS). The male latex condom provides the best protection from most STDs.

What Is the Cervical Shield?

Lea's Shield is a one-size-fits all cup-shaped device approximately the same size of the diaphragm. There is a valve on it that is designed to create a suction during insertion to help it fit against the cervix.

How Is the Cervical Shield Used?

Spermicide should be put inside the cervical shield before insertion. It is inserted prior to sex and should not be removed for at least eight hours after intercourse. The shield can be kept in place for up to 48 hours.

Where Do I Get a Cervical Shield?

The device only comes in one size, so fitting by your doctor is not necessary. It is available by prescription only.

How Effective Is the Cervical Shield?

The cervical shield is about 85% effective at preventing pregnancy. 

Does the Cervical Shield Protect Against Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

No. Using a cervical shield and spermicide may not protect against some STDs, including HIV (the virus that causes AIDS). The male latex condom provides the best protection from most STDs.

What Is Vaginal Contraceptive Film?

Vaginal contraceptive film is a paper-thin translucent film that contains a spermicide.

How Is Vaginal Film Used?

The film is placed in the vagina on or near the cervix where it dissolves in seconds. Vaginal contraceptive film is effective for about one hour and you must wait at least 15 minutes after inserting the film before having intercourse. You must use a new film each time you have intercourse.

Where Can I Get Vaginal Contraceptive Film?

Vaginal contraceptive film is available without a prescription in most drug stores.

How Effective Is Vaginal Contraceptive Film?

Used consistently and correctly, vaginal contraceptive film is 74%-94% effective. When used together and properly, spermicides and condoms combined are about 97% effective in preventing pregnancy.

Does Vaginal Contraceptive Film Protect Against Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

No. Vaginal contraceptive film may not protect against some STDs, including HIV (the virus that causes AIDS). The male latex condom provides the best protection from most STDs.

What Is the Rhythm Method?

A woman practices the rhythm method, or natural family planning, by learning to recognize the days she is fertile, and not having sex before and during those days. The rhythm method does not work for all couples. Women who have regular menstrual cycles and who are very careful about when they have sex usually find it to be effective. Women who have irregular cycles and who are not so careful often end up becoming pregnant.

WebMD Medical Reference

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