What are the different types of antidepressants?
Here are the main types of antidepressants, along with brand names:
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors were launched in the mid- to late-1980s. This generation of antidepressants is now the most common class used for depression. Examples include Celexa, Lexapro, Paxil, Prozac, and Zoloft.
- Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors include Cymbalta, Effexor, and Pristiq.
- Tricyclic antidepressants were some of the first medications used to treat depression. Examples are Elavil (amitriptyline), Norpramin (desipramine), Pamelor (nortriptyline), Tofranil (imipramine), and Vivactil (protriptyline).
- Monoamine oxidase inhibitors were also among the earliest treatments for depression. Some examples are EMSAM (selegiline), Marplan (isocarboxazid), Nardil (phenelzine), and Parnate (tranylcypromine).
- Other medications include Desyrel, Remeron, and Wellbutrin.