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Depression: Depression Glossary


Bulimia nervosa: An eating disorder in which people eat large amounts of food at one time (bingeing) and then vomit (purging). The vomiting is triggered by a fear of weight gain, from stomach pain, or from the guilt of overeating. People with bulimia may also use laxatives, diuretics, and vigorous exercise to lose weight. In order to be diagnosed with bulimia, this behavior must occur at least twice a week for three months in a row.

Chemical dependency counselors: Health care professionals trained especially to help people with alcohol and drug addiction through the process of recovery.

Clinical social workers: Trained health care personnel who may provide psychotherapy, case management, and a variety of supportive assistance. One function is often to help patients transition from a hospital or medical institution to home.

Conduct disorder: Disruptive behavior in children marked by repetitive, severe  and persistent violation of the rights of others or of age-appropriate social norms or rules. For example, children with conduct disorder are more likely to bully others, disregard parent curfews, and use alcohol and other substances.

Depression: A clinical mood disorder associated with low mood or loss of interest in activities that he or she once enjoyed and other symptoms that prevents a person from leading a normal life. Types of depression include: Major depression, bipolar depression, dysthymia and seasonal depression (seasonal affective disorder).

Dysphoric mood: Low mood that may include dissatisfaction, restlessness, or depression.

Dysthymia: Also sometimes referred to as chronic depression. This type of depression occurs most of the time over a period of at least two years in adults and one year in children and adolescents. It is characterized by less severe, lingering symptoms of depression that may last for years.

Eating disorder: Eating disorders are illnesses that cause a person to adopt harmful eating habits. They are most common among teenage girls and women, and frequently occur along with other psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety disorders. The poor nutrition associated with eating disorders can harm organs in the body and, in severe cases, lead to death. The two most common types of eating disorder are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

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