Beating Winter's Woes
If your mood is as cold and dark as your landscape, you're in good company. But here's how you can ease that seasonal slump.
Terman has also done research suggesting that ions in the air
-- those invisible particles that can help improve mood -- also affect winter
depression. When SAD patients were exposed to high levels of negative ions for
30 minutes, their depression eased after just a few weeks. "Natural
concentrations of negative ions are highest at the seashore, by the pounding
surf, or right after a spring thunderstorm," he says. "That's why many
people report a spontaneous elevation in mood from being at the beach."
While commercially sold negative ionizers produce lower levels than what he
used in his experiments, they may help some people.
Antidepressants are also
beneficial, especially when used in conjunction with light therapy. "But my
reading is that antidepressants by themselves are not as effective as light
therapy by itself," says Kripke. He notes in a 1998 study that light
therapy brought relief to many patients within one week, while antidepressants
took about eight weeks.
In addition to sunlight -- or more specifically, the lack of it
-- the cold temperatures of this mean season may also play a role. "There
is some evidence that people with a higher tolerance to cold tend to be less
depressed than those who are more susceptible to cold," says Charles
Raison, MD, of Emory University's Mind-Body Program and an assistant professor
of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at its medical school.
"We also know there's a greater tendency toward depressive
symptoms immediately following a viral illness," he tells WebMD. "When
you get a cold, your immune system is stirred up in a way that it's a risk
factor for depression." And you'll note, it is the cold and flu season.
So if you've got the winter blues -- especially in a deep shade
-- here's your excuse to cash in those frequent flyer miles: "Sometimes,
something as simple as taking a week or two vacation to Florida or somewhere
sunny during January or February can make a really big difference," says