What causes atypical depression? continued...
While the exact cause of depression is unknown, there are risk factors for depression, including:
- A family history of depression
- A significant loss -- from death, divorce, or separation -- that may trigger an underlying vulnerability to depression (rather than simply normal grief)
- Interpersonal conflicts and related emotions such as guilt
- Any type of abuse -- physical, sexual, or emotional
- Any type of major life event such as moving, changing or losing a job, graduating, retiring, or social isolation in people who have a biological vulnerability to depression
- Any type of serious illness such as cancer, heart disease, stroke, or HIV
- Drug or alcohol abuse
How is atypical depression treated?
Doctors are likely to recommend psychotherapy (talk therapy) and/or medications for atypical depression, depending on the severity of the symptoms. There are different types of psychotherapy and medications available for treatment. You may be referred to a specialist such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or other licensed mental health professional for care.