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    Symptoms of Depression

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    What Are the Symptoms of Depression in Teens?

    It is common for teens to occasionally feel unhappy. However, when the unhappiness lasts for more than two weeks, and the teen experiences other symptoms of clinical depression, then he or she may be suffering from adolescent depression.

    It is estimated that depression affects as many as one in every 33 children and one in eight adolescents. If you believe your teenager is suffering from depression, you should seek help from a qualified health care professional.

    For in-depth information, see WebMD's Depression Symptoms in Teens.

    How Is Depression Diagnosed?

    The diagnosis of depression often begins with a thorough history and physical exam by a doctor, such as your primary care doctor. Because certain kinds of infections, medicines, and illnesses can also cause symptoms of depression, your doctor will want to know when your symptoms started, how long they have lasted, and how severe they are. He or she will ask whether you have had similar symptoms of depression before and about past treatments you may have received.

    Your family history of depression and other mental illnesses is very important, as is any history of drug or alcohol use. Although there is no "depression test" that a mental health expert can use to diagnose symptoms of depression, there are certain features, which he or she will look for in order to make the proper diagnosis of depression.

    How Are Symptoms of Depression Treated?

    If a physical cause for the symptoms of depression is ruled out, your primary care doctor may begin an initial treatment, or refer you to a psychologist, psychiatrist, or other mental health professional for further evaluation and treatment. This mental health specialist will determine the best course of treatment. That treatment may include medicines (such as antidepressants), psychotherapy, or a combination of both.

    Is Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) Used to Treat Symptoms of Depression?

    Electroconvulsive therapy or ECT is a viable treatment option for patients with symptoms of depression who do not improve with medicines for depression or who suffer from extremely severe forms of depression. ECT is specially viable when symptoms involving suicidal behavior or psychosis are severe and require urgent treatment.

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