The Link Between Depression and Other Mental Illnesses
What Is Panic Disorder? continued...
The person feels like he or she is either going to faint, have a heart attack and die, or go crazy.
For somebody to be diagnosed with panic attack, at least four of the following symptoms need to be present:
- Chest pain
- Choking sensation
- Extreme sweating
- Fast heartbeat
- Fear of dying
- Feeling of losing control
- Feelings of unreality or being detached from oneself
- Hot flashes or chills
- Shortness of breath
These symptoms are often accompanied by worry over the implications of the attack -- like fear of death from a heart attack -- and altered behavior, like avoiding a particular place because of the attack.
What Is Phobic Disorder?
Specific phobias are the most common type of anxiety disorder. They involve an unreasonable or irrational fear of something that poses little or no real danger. The fear can be of a situation, object, or event. If people with phobias can't avoid what they fear, then it immediately results in a marked anxiety response. This response can include rapid heartbeat, nausea, or profuse sweating. Phobias are common and strike one out of 10 Americans, with women twice as likely to have a phobia as men.
What Is Social Anxiety Disorder?
Social anxiety disorder, also called social phobia, is a psychological condition that causes an overwhelming fear of situations that require interacting with another person or performing in front of others. Unlike being shy around strangers or nervous before a performance, social anxiety is a fear that you might humiliate yourself with your actions or speech in public.
Social phobia is common. It affects more than 15 million people in any given year. It often begins in childhood and rarely develops after age 25.
People with social phobia are often aware that their fears are irrational, but they are unable to ease or erase these fears.
The symptoms of social phobia are much the same as symptoms for other anxiety disorders. They include:
- Difficulty talking
- Dry mouth
- Intense sweating
- Racing heart
- Trembling or shaking
Like with other anxiety illnesses, symptoms can be tolerable or so severe that they become socially debilitating.
Does Depression Co-Exist With Schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia is a type of major psychotic illness that is usually marked by an inability to distinguish the real from the imaginary, confused or jumbled thoughts, and hallucinations. Feelings of emptiness and sadness may be a symptom of the disorder, but schizophrenia and depression are different on a neurobiological level. About half of people with schizophrenia may develop a major depressive episode at some point in their lives, but depression is not considered an enduring or hallmark feature of schizophrenia.
Is There a Link Between Depression and Eating Disorders?
Eating disorders frequently occur with depression and anxiety disorders. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, eating disorders are marked by extremes. They occur when someone severely reduces food intake or overeats to the extreme. Treatment may include antidepressants.