Depression in Pregnancy Undertreated
Illness Can Lead to Other Problems for Baby and Mom
Aug. 15, 2006 -- DepressionDepression during pregnancypregnancy may too often be overlooked and undertreated, putting both mother and baby at risk.
A new study shows two-thirds of the pregnant women with depression aren't being treated for it with either drugs or talk therapy.
Researchers say depression affects between 10% and 15% of pregnant women and is the strongest risk factor for postpartum depression.
Depression during pregnancy can also make it harder for women to eat properly and get enough rest or prenatal care, which increases the risk of premature birth or low birth weight.
"These are women who meet the formal clinical criteria for the most severe form of depression," says researcher Heather Flynn, PhD, a psychologist at the University of Michigan, in a news release.
"No one would argue that these women would benefit from some form of intervention, but only 33% of them were [getting it]," she says.
Flynn says many pregnant women may not realize they're depressed or that their depressed feelings aren't normal during pregnancy.
"They attribute their fatiguefatigue, sleep, and other problems to pregnancy, or don't believe that they could be suffering from depression," she says.
"Others may suspect a problem but don't believe that treatment can work. But it can," says Flynn.
Common During Pregnancy
In the study, published in General Hospital Psychiatry, researchers surveyed more than 1,800 pregnant women in obstetricians' waiting rooms for symptoms of depression.
The results showed 276 of the women met the criteria for being at risk of depression.
They were then interviewed by a mental healthmental health professional to check for current or past depression and treatment history.
Overall, 17% were found to be in the throes of a major depression. Another 23% had a history of major depression, which put them at risk for a repeat episode.
Yet, the researchers found only 33% of those then experiencing major depression were receiving any treatment for it.
Of the 276 women at risk, only 20% were receiving any kind of treatment.
Researchers looked at the women receiving treatment for their depression. They found fewer than half of those who were taking antidepressants (either alone or in combination with talk therapy) had been taking them at the recommended dose for at least six weeks.
Most antidepressants must be taken for six to eight weeks to give relief.
Signs of Depression
Researchers say many depressed pregnant women may write off their symptoms as a normal part of pregnancy.
But they say experiencing the following symptoms for two weeks or more may indicate depression that requires treatment:
- Depressed mood
- Decreased interest or pleasure in activities
- Changes in appetite
- Change in sleep pattern
- Fatigue or loss of energy
- Difficulty concentrating
- Excessive feelings of worthlessness or guilt
- Thoughts of suicide
- Extreme restlessness
Pregnant women with symptoms of depression, or who have a history of depression, should talk with their health care provider to discuss ways to ease their illness, such as medication, talk therapy, stress reduction, and exercise.