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Diabetes and Blood Sugar Control

The chart below gives you an idea of what your blood sugar level should be. Your goal blood sugar (or glucose) range may be different from another person's and will change throughout the day. Your health care provider will tell you what range is good for you.


Recommended Blood Sugar Range for People With Diabetes*

Time of Test

Goal plasma glucose

Before meals

 70-130 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter)

1-2 hours after beginning of the meal/postprandial

 less than 180mg/dL

Every 3 months HbA1c


*Source: American Diabetes Association, 2014

For women with gestational diabetes, experts recommend the following goals for diabetes management:

  • Before a meal, 95 mg/dL or less
  • 1 hour after a meal, 140 mg/dL or less
  • 2 hours after a meal, 120 mg/dL or less


WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on August 10, 2014

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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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