When Your Blood Sugar Is Too High or Too Low
What You Need to Know about Low Blood Sugar continued...
A low blood sugar reaction can make you feel
shaky, mixed up, unhappy, hungry, or tired. You may sweat a lot or get a
headache. Your legs may shake. If your blood sugar drops lower, you can get
very confused, sleepy, or irritable, or you may pass out or have a
Treat low blood sugar quickly. If you have
signs of low blood sugar, eat or drink something that has sugar in it. Some
things you can eat are hard candy, sugar-sweetened soda, orange juice, or a
glass of milk. Special tablets or gel made of glucose (a form of sugar) can be
used to treat low blood sugar. You can buy these in a drug store. Always have
some of these items handy at home or with you when you go out in case your
blood sugar drops too low. After treating a low blood sugar reaction, eat a
small snack like half a sandwich, a glass of milk, or some crackers if your
next meal is more than 30 minutes away.
In case of a medical emergency, be sure that
you carry medical identification (a tag or card) that says you have diabetes
and lists the medicines you take. It should also give the name and telephone
number of your doctor. Tell your family, friends, teachers, or other people you
see often about the signs of low blood sugar. Explain how to treat it. You may
need their help some day.
You can prevent most low blood sugar
reactions by eating your meals on time, taking your diabetes medicine, and
testing your blood sugar often. Testing your blood will show if your sugar
level is going down. You can then take steps, like eating some fruit, crackers,
or other snack, to raise your blood sugar level.
If You Use Insulin
Tell your doctor if you have low blood sugar reactions
often, especially if they happen at the same time of day or night.
Tell your doctor if you have passed out from low blood sugar
or if you ever needed someone's help.
Ask your doctor about "glucagon." Glucagon is a
medicine to raise blood sugar. If you pass out from low blood sugar, someone
should call "911" emergency and give you a glucagon shot.