Carbohydrate counting helps you to control your blood sugar when you have
Carbohydrate counting helps you determine the
amount of sugar and starch (carbohydrate) in the foods you eat. This is
important, because carbohydrate affects your blood sugar more than fats or
Carbohydrate counting involves learning how to spread
out the amount of carbohydrate you eat throughout the day to help prevent high
blood sugar after eating.
You should test your blood sugar after
meals to see what effect different carbohydrate foods have on your blood sugar
portions of carbohydrate foods. Each serving size or standard portion contains about 15 grams of
carbohydrate. It might be helpful to measure your food portions when you are first learning what makes up a standard portion.
Talk with a registered
dietitian about how much protein and fat you need.
Read food labels for the carbohydrate
content, and check the serving size on the package.
blood sugar level before and 1 hour after eating the first bite of each meal to see how
the food affects it.
Record what you eat and your blood sugar
results in a food record(What is a PDF document?). At each regular visit with your diabetes specialist,
or whenever you think your meal plan needs adjusting, you can review the
Get more help. The American Diabetes Association offers
booklets to help people learn how to count carbohydrate, measure and weigh
food, and read food labels.