Carbohydrate counting helps you to control your blood sugar when you have
Carbohydrate counting helps you determine the
amount of sugar and starch (carbohydrate) in the foods you eat. This is
important, because carbohydrate affects your blood sugar more than fats or
Carbohydrate counting involves learning how to spread
out the amount of carbohydrate you eat throughout the day to help prevent high
blood sugar after eating.
You should test your blood sugar after
meals to see what effect different carbohydrate foods have on your blood sugar
portions of carbohydrate foods. Each serving size or standard portion contains about 15 grams of
carbohydrate. It might be helpful to measure your food portions when you are first learning what makes up a standard portion.
Talk with a registered
dietitian about how much protein and fat you need.
Read food labels for the carbohydrate
content, and check the serving size on the package.
blood sugar level before and 1 hour after eating the first bite of each meal to see how
the food affects it.
Record what you eat and your blood sugar
results in a food record(What is a PDF document?). At each regular visit with your diabetes specialist,
or whenever you think your meal plan needs adjusting, you can review the
Get more help. The American Diabetes Association offers
booklets to help people learn how to count carbohydrate, measure and weigh
food, and read food labels.
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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