Inactivity and obesity increase the risk for diabetes, but exactly how is unclear. Recent research suggests that inflammation inside the body plays a role in the development of type 2 diabetes.
The good news: An "anti-inflammatory" diet and exercise plan can help prevent and treat type 2 diabetes.
The effects of inflammation are familiar to anyone who has experienced a bug bite, rash, skin infection, or ankle sprain. In those situations, you will see swelling in the affected area.
With type 2...
Your first step after being diagnosed is to ask questions and learn as much as you can about:
What changes you can make to take care of yourself
What medical treatments you need
Start with your doctor. He or she may also put you in touch with diabetes educators, dietitians, or other specialists who can help you get answers to the questions that concern you most.
Also talk to your friends and family members who have diabetes. You could also join a support group and connect online with other people who have diabetes. Knowing more helps you make choices.
2. Get Care for Your Diabetes
Your doctor is your main resource for getting the care you need to live well with diabetes. Your treatment may include:
Medication. Whether or not you need medication to help treat your diabetes depends on your symptoms, complications, blood sugar, and other issues.
Lifestyle changes. These may include changing your diet, losing extra weight, and becoming more active.
Monitoring your blood sugar. Your doctor can teach you how to monitor your blood sugar and show you what to do to avoid highs and lows.
3. Track Your ABCs
Diabetes makes you more likely to get conditions that may affect your eyes, nerves, heart, teeth, and more. This is why you want to keep track of your diabetes ABCs.
"A" stands for A1c. This test measures your average blood sugar over the past 2 or 3 months. Your aim is to keep your A1c around 7 without risking low blood sugar. Your doctor can help.
"B" stands for blood pressure. If you have diabetes, you are more likely to get high blood pressure, which can lead to other serious conditions. Get your blood pressure checked two to four times a year.
"C" stands for cholesterol. Having diabetes can also put you at risk for high cholesterol, which makes heart disease and stroke more likely. Get your cholesterol checked at least once every year.