What Is Diabetic Neuropathy?
Diabetes can harm your nerves. That damage, called neuropathy, may be painful.
It can happen in several ways, and they all seem to be related to blood sugar levels being too high for too long. To prevent it, work with your doctor to manage your blood sugar.
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You may hear your doctor mention the four types of diabetes-related neuropathy: peripheral, autonomic, proximal, and focal.
This type usually affects the feet and legs. Rare cases affect the arms, abdomen, and back.
Symptoms include: Tingling Numbness (which may become permanent) Burning (especially in the evening) Pain
Early symptoms usually get better when your blood sugar is under control. There are medications to help manage the discomfort.
What you should do: Check your feet and legs daily. Use lotion on your feet if they're dry. Take care of your toenails. Ask your doctor if you should go to a podiatrist. Wear shoes that fit well. Wear them all the time, so your feet don't get injured.
This type usually affects the digestive system, especially the stomach. It can also affect the blood vessels, urinary system, and sex organs.
In your digestive system: Symptoms include: Bloating Diarrhea Constipation Heartburn Nausea Vomiting Feeling full after small meals What you should do: You may need to eat smaller meals and take medication to treat it. In blood vessels: Symptoms include: Blacking out when you stand up quickly Faster heartbeat Dizziness Low blood pressure Nausea Vomiting Feeling full sooner than normal If you have it: Avoid standing up too quickly. You may also need to wear special stockings (ask your doctor about them) and take medicine. In Men: Symptoms include: He may not be able to have or keep an erection, or he may have “dry” or reduced ejaculations. What you should do: See your doctor, because there are other possible causes than diabetes. Treatment includes: Counseling Penile implant or injections Vacuum erection device Medication In Women: Symptoms include: Can include less vaginal lubrication and fewer or no orgasms. What you should do: See your doctor. Treatments include: Vaginal estrogen creams, suppositories, and rings Medications to help sex not feel painful Lubricants In the Urinary System: Symptoms include: Trouble emptying your bladder Bloating Incontinence (leaking urine) More bathroom trips at night What you should do: Tell your doctor. Treatments may include: Medication Inserting a catheter into the bladder to release urine (self-catheterization) Surgery