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Hyperglycemia and Diabetes

How Is Hyperglycemia in Diabetes Treated?

If you have diabetes and have any of the early signs of hyperglycemia, be sure to test your blood sugar and call your doctor. Your health care provider may want the results of several readings. He or she may then recommend the following changes:

  • Drink more water. Water helps remove the excess sugar from your blood through the urine and helps you avoid dehydration.
  • Exercise more. Exercise will help to lower your blood sugar. Caution: If you have type 1 diabetes and your blood sugar is over 240 mg/dL, you need to check your urine for ketones. When you have ketones, do NOT exercise. If you have type 2 diabetes and your blood sugar is over 300 mg/dL, you must be sure that you have no ketones in your urine, and that you are well hydrated. Then your doctor may give you the OK to exercise with caution as long as you are feeling well.
  • Change your eating habits. You may need to meet with a dietitian to change the amount and types of foods you are eating.
  • Change your medications. Your health care provider may change the amount, timing, or type of diabetes medications you take. Do not make adjustments in your diabetes medications without first talking with your health care provider.

If you have type 1 diabetes and your blood sugar is more than 250 mg/dL, your doctor may want you to test your urine or blood for ketones.

Call your doctor if your blood sugar is running higher than your treatment goals.

How Can Hyperglycemia in Diabetes Be Prevented?

To prevent hyperglycemia in diabetes, make sure you are following your meal plan, exercise program, and medicine schedule.

  • Know your diet, count the total amounts of carbohydrate that you are consuming
  • Test your blood sugar regularly.
  • Know when to contact your health care provider if you have repeated abnormal blood sugar readings.
  • Make sure you always wear medical identification that states you have diabetes so you can receive proper treatment in the event of an emergency.

 

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WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on May 15, 2012

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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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