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Diabetes and Smoking

Smoking is bad for everyone, and it's especially risky if you have diabetes.

The nicotine in cigarettes makes your blood vessels harden and narrow, curbing blood flow around your body. And since diabetes makes you more likely to get heart disease, you definitely don't want the extra risk that comes from smoking.

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No matter how much or how long you have smoked, quitting helps your health. You'll feel better, look better (since smoking gives you wrinkles before you're old), and you'll save money, too.

14 Quit-Smoking Tips

If you have diabetes, here are some tips to help you quit, based on guidelines from the American Cancer Society.

1. Set a quit date. You don't have to quite immediately. If you know it's more realistic for you to kick the habit after a big event or deadline, make that your quit date.

2. Tell your doctor the date. You'll have built-in support.

3. Make smoking inconvenient. Don't have anything you need to smoke on hand, like ash trays, lighters, or matches.

4. Breathe deeply when you crave a cigarette. Hold your breath for 10 seconds, and then exhale slowly.

5. Spend time in places where you can't smoke because it's banned, such as a library, theater, or museum.

6. Hang out with friends who are also working on kicking the habit. Go to places that don't allow smoking.

7. Reach for low-calorie, good-for-you foods instead of smoking. Choose fresh fruit and crisp, crunchy vegetables.

8. Exercise to ease your stress instead of lighting up.

9. Go decaf. Pass up coffee, soft drinks that have caffeine, and alcohol, as they all can increase the urge to smoke.

10. Keep your hands too busy for cigarettes. Draw, text, type, or knit, for examples.

11. Hack your habits. If you always had a cigarette on your work break, take a walk, talk to a friend, or do something else instead.

12. Wrap a cigarette in a sheet of paper and put a rubber band around it. It will be harder to get one. You'll have time to notice what you're doing and stop.

13. Let your family and friends know you're quitting smoking. Ask for their support. If they smoke, tell them not to do so around you. If they do, leave.

14. Be good to yourself. Do things that you enjoy. You'll notice that you don't need a cigarette to have fun.

Is This Normal? Get the Facts Fast!

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Low
0-69
Normal
70-130
High
131+

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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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