Your meal plan for diabetes needs to be modified when you are pregnant. The total calories you need are based on your prepregnancyweight, age, activity level, and whether you are carrying more than one baby.
Dieting to lose weight during pregnancy is not recommended, because you may not receive enough nourishment for you and your baby, and it may increase your risk for premature delivery.
Follow these guidelines for your meal plan during pregnancy.
Take a prenatal vitamin with folic acid and iron to meet your body's increased need for these micronutrients. Folic acid is needed for the production of blood cells. And iron is needed for red blood cells to deliver oxygen throughout the body. Folic acid has also been proved to reduce the risk of fetal neural tube defects.
You may need to take a vitamin B12 supplement, which is important for the production of red blood cells, and a vitamin D supplement if you are a strict vegetarian (vegan). Vitamin B12 can only be obtained from animal sources in the diet.
Other vitamins and minerals, such as the B vitamins and calcium, are important during pregnancy for producing energy and preserving your body's calcium stores.
Very large doses (megadoses) of vitamins, especially vitamins A and D, are not recommended during pregnancy. Vitamins and minerals should only be taken under your doctor's supervision.