Does the thought of giving yourself an injection make you squeamish? It can take some getting used to, but you may find it's not as bad as you thought it would be.
"I always tell patients that having a fear of needles is normal and natural," says Evan Sisson, PharmD, a diabetes educator and assistant professor at the Virginia Commonwealth University School of Pharmacy. He helps people with diabetes get over their fear of shots so it doesn't become an obstacle to controlling their blood sugar.
with diabetes can seem like a full-time job -- trying to keep up with
everything you need to do for proper diabetes care.
"Diabetes is a very time-consuming disease to manage well," says
Karmeen Kulkarni, MS, RD, CDE, and former president of health care and
education for the American Diabetes Association. "The medication, the food, the physical activity -- you add life
in general to that whole picture and it ends up being quite
Everyone with type 1 diabetes must take insulin injections, because their body doesn't make this hormone. People with type 2 diabetes take injected insulin or other prescription injectables if pills and lifestyle changes aren't lowering their blood glucose enough.
Skipping insulin injections is very dangerous for people with type 1 diabetes. If glucose isn't available for energy, your body starts burning fat instead. As a result, ketones can build up to unhealthy levels, which could make your blood too acidic, a state called ketoacidosis.
With type 2 diabetes, the risk of skipping medications or injections isn't as immediate. But over time, unstable blood sugar levels can damage organs like the eyes, kidneys, and heart. Research shows that people who are afraid of their insulin injections are more likely to have poorly controlled blood sugar. They also have more diabetes-related complications. Getting comfortable giving yourself an injection is one of the keys to preventing these complications.
Debunking Your Fear
With today's delivery systems, which include pens and smaller and thinner needles, the needle isn't nearly as daunting as many people imagine.
"Years ago, when I first started in diabetes, the insulin injections were truly painful and difficult to administer," says Robert R. Henry, MD, an endocrinology professor at the University of California, San Diego. "Now the needles have become so ultra-thin and fine, and you almost can't feel them when they go in."
Higher-gauge needles are thinner. The typical needle used to inject insulin is a 31-gauge, which is about the width of a tiny speaker wire, Sisson says.
Get the latest Diabetes newsletter delivered to your inbox!
Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Thank you for signing up for the WebMD Diabetes Newsletter!
You'll find tips and tricks as well as the latest news and research on Diabetes.
Did You Know Your Lifestyle Choices
Affect Your Blood Sugar?
Use the Blood Glucose Tracker to monitor
how well you manage your blood sugar over time.