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Taking Care of Your Feet for a Lifetime

3. Wash Your Feet Every Day

Wash your feet in warm, not hot, water. Do not soak your feet, because your skin will get dry.

Before bathing or showering, test the water to make sure it is not too hot. You can use a thermometer (90 to 95 degrees F is safe) or your elbow.

Dry your feet well. Be sure to dry between your toes. Use talcum powder to keep the skin between your toes dry.

4. Keep the Skin Soft and Smooth

Rub a thin coat of skin lotion, cream, or petroleum jelly on the tops and bottoms of your feet.

Do not put lotion or cream between your toes, because this might cause an infection.

5. Smooth Corns and Calluses Gently

After bathing or showering, use a pumice stone to smooth corns and calluses. A pumice stone is a type of rock used to smooth the skin. Rub gently, only in one direction, to avoid tearing the skin.

Do not cut corns and calluses. Don't use razor blades, corn plasters, or liquid corn and callus removers -- they can damage your skin.

If you have corns and calluses, check with your doctor or foot care specialist.

Make sure to call your doctor right away if a cut, sore, blister, or bruise on your foot does not begin to heal after one day.

6. Trim Your Toenails Each Week or When Needed

Trim your toenails with clippers after you wash and dry your feet.

Trim toenails straight across and smooth them with an emery board or nail file.

Don't cut into the corners of the toenail.

If you can't see well, or if your toenails are thick or yellowed, have a foot care doctor trim them.

7. Wear Shoes and Socks at All Times

Wear shoes and socks at all times. Do not walk barefoot -- not even indoors -- because it is easy to step on something and hurt your feet.

Always wear socks, stockings, or nylons with your shoes to help avoid blisters and sores.

Choose socks made of cotton or wool. They help keep your feet dry.

Check the insides of your shoes before you put them on to be sure the lining is smooth and that there are no objects in them.

Wear shoes that fit well and protect your feet.

8. Protect Your Feet from Hot and Cold

Wear shoes at the beach or on hot pavement.

Put sun screen on the top of your feet to prevent sunburn.

Keep your feet away from radiators and open fires.

Do not put hot water bottles or heating pads on your feet.

Wear socks at night if your feet get cold. Lined boots are good in winter to keep your feet warm.

Check your feet often in cold weather to avoid frostbite.

Make sure to call your doctor right away if a cut, sore, blister, or bruise on your foot does not begin to heal after one day.

WebMD Public Information from the U.S. National Institutes of Health

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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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