The Basics of a Healthy Diabetes Diet
Artificial Sweeteners and Diabetes
You can add artificial sweeteners to your food and to drinks without adding more carbs. Using non-caloric artificial sweeteners instead of sugar also greatly reduces calories in your favorite foods.
Keep in mind that foods with artificial sweeteners are not necessarily zero-carbohydrate foods. Many have carbohydrates, so read the food labels to check on that.
As long as you are aware of the carbohydrates, you can adjust your meal or medication to maintain blood sugar control.
"Sugar free" means no sugar has been added, but you must remember these foods still contain carbohydrates, which do affect your blood sugar.
Some artificial sweeteners -- such as xylitol, mannitol, and sorbitol -- have some calories and do slightly increase blood sugar levels.
The American Diabetes Association cautions that eating too much of any artificial sweetener can cause gas and diarrhea.
Stevia is another option. It's not an artificial sweetener, and it has no calories.
Alcohol and Diabetes
If you drink alcohol, only drink it occasionally and when your blood sugar level is well-controlled. Remember, most wine and mixed drinks contain sugar, and alcohol has almost as many calories as fat. It's a good idea to check with your doctor to ask if drinking alcohol is acceptable.