When most people hear "diabetes," they think of diabetes mellitus. That's a condition in which blood sugars are chronically elevated. In fact, diabetes is a general term for conditions that cause increased urine production. And when it comes to increased urine production, diabetes insipidus takes the cake.
What Is Diabetes Insipidus?
Diabetes insipidus results in excessive thirst and urination. The reason is problems with a particular hormone or its receptor.
Central diabetes insipidus or central DI has several other names it's known by -- "pituitary DI," "hypothalamic DI," "neurohypophyseal DI," or "neurogenic DI."
Gestagenic diabetes insipidus (DI) is also known as gestational DI. It is a rare disorder that occurs during pregnancy, usually during the third trimester.
Diabetes mellitus causes elevated blood sugar levels. But nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is due to a problem in the kidneys.