Experts debate whether all
pregnant women need to be tested for gestational diabetes. The
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has found
insufficient evidence to recommend screening women with no risk factors for
gestational diabetes.3 But most doctors routinely test
all pregnant women who are in their care. The American Diabetes Association recommends that all women who are not already diagnosed with diabetes be tested for gestational diabetes between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy using the oral glucose tolerance test.1
Tests during pregnancy
If you have gestational
diabetes, your doctor will check your
blood pressure at every visit. You will also have
certain tests throughout your pregnancy to check your and your baby's health.
These tests include:
Fetal ultrasound. This test may be used to estimate the age, weight, and health of your baby. The
ultrasound test also can measure the size of your baby's head and abdomen. This measurement along with other information can be used to help your doctor decide
on your care. If your doctor thinks your baby is bigger than normal for his or
her gestational age and your blood sugar is high, then your doctor may decide you need to start taking
insulin or diabetes pills. Taking insulin when you have gestational diabetes will help keep your blood sugar in a target range, which can stop your baby
from growing too big. Keep in mind that ultrasounds cannot always accurately
estimate how much your baby weighs or whether there are other problems.
Nonstress test. A nonstress test can help you know how
well your baby is doing by checking your baby's heartbeat in response to
Some doctors may recommend you have a hemoglobin A1c
(glycosylated hemoglobin) or a similar test every month during your pregnancy.
The A1c test estimates your average blood sugar level over the previous weeks
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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