Skip to content

Diabetes Health Center

Select An Article
Font Size

Insulin Resistance and Diabetes


How Is Insulin Resistance Syndrome Diagnosed?

There is no simple test to diagnose insulin resistance syndrome. Rather, your doctor may suspect the syndrome if you have three of the following:

  • A waist size of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women
  • Increased levels of triglycerides (a type of fat in the blood)
  • Low HDL, or "good," cholesterol level (Less than 40 mg/dL for men and 50 mg/dL for women)
  • High blood pressure of 130/85 or higher, or being treated for high blood pressure
  • Fasting blood glucose levels of 100 mg/dL or above, or being treated for diabetes

The current epidemic of obesity in children also puts them at risk for the development of insulin resistance syndrome.

What's the Treatment for Insulin Resistance Syndrome?

Getting to and maintaining a healthy weight as well as increasing physical activity can help the body respond better to insulin. These lifestyle changes can also reduce the risk for diabetes and heart disease. Research from the Diabetes Prevention Program also found that the drug metformin can reduce the incidence of diabetes in people at very high risk. But lifestyle changes have been shown to have the greatest benefit for decreasing the risk for diabetes.

Is Insulin Resistance Syndrome Preventable?

Yes. If you follow a healthy lifestyle, you may be able to prevent insulin resistance syndrome and the associated diseases. Here are some tips to prevent insulin resistance or metabolic syndrome:

  • Exercise. Try working up to walking 30 minutes a day for at least five days a week (exercise can be divided into three separate periods of 10 minutes each)
  • Get to and maintain a healthy weight
  • Eat right. A healthy balanced and caloric restricted diet is recommended.


WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on May 15, 2012
Next Article:

Is This Normal? Get the Facts Fast!

Check Your Blood Sugar Level Now
What type of diabetes do you have?
Your gender:

Get the latest Diabetes newsletter delivered to your inbox!


Your level is currently

If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Did You Know Your Lifestyle Choices
Affect Your Blood Sugar?

Use the Blood Glucose Tracker to monitor
how well you manage your blood sugar over time.

Get Started

This tool is not intended for women who are pregnant.

Start Over

Step:  of 

Today on WebMD

Diabetic tools
Symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and more.
woman flexing muscles
10 strength training exercises.
Blood sugar test
12 practical tips.
Tom Hanks
Stars living with type 1 or type 2.
Woman serving fast food from window
Can Vinegar Treat Diabetes
Middle aged person
are battery operated toothbrushes really better

Prediabetes How to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
type 2 diabetes
food fitness planner
Are You at Risk for Dupuytrens Contracture