Insulin Resistance and Diabetes
How Is Insulin Resistance Syndrome Diagnosed?
There is no simple test to diagnose insulin resistance syndrome. Rather, your doctor may suspect the syndrome if you have three of the following:
- A waist size of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women
- Increased levels of triglycerides (a type of fat in the blood)
- Low HDL, or "good," cholesterol level (Less than 40 mg/dL for men and 50 mg/dL for women)
- High blood pressure of 130/85 or higher, or being treated for high blood pressure
- Fasting blood glucose levels of 100 mg/dL or above, or being treated for diabetes
The current epidemic of obesity in children also puts them at risk for the development of insulin resistance syndrome.
What's the Treatment for Insulin Resistance Syndrome?
Getting to and maintaining a healthy weight as well as increasing physical activity can help the body respond better to insulin. These lifestyle changes can also reduce the risk for diabetes and heart disease. Research from the Diabetes Prevention Program also found that the drug metformin can reduce the incidence of diabetes in people at very high risk. But lifestyle changes have been shown to have the greatest benefit for decreasing the risk for diabetes.
Is Insulin Resistance Syndrome Preventable?
Yes. If you follow a healthy lifestyle, you may be able to prevent insulin resistance syndrome and the associated diseases. Here are some tips to prevent insulin resistance or metabolic syndrome:
- Exercise. Try working up to walking 30 minutes a day for at least five days a week (exercise can be divided into three separate periods of 10 minutes each)
- Get to and maintain a healthy weight
- Eat right. A healthy balanced and caloric restricted diet is recommended.