Skip to content

Diabetes Health Center

Select An Article

Diabetes Medicines You Don’t Inject

(continued)
Font Size

    continued...

    Colesevelam (Welchol)

    How it works: Lowers “bad” (LDL) cholesterol and improves blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes. Your doctor will call this type of drug a “bile acid sequestrant.”

    Dapagliflozin (Farxiga)

    How it works: Boosts how much glucose leaves your body in urine, and blocks your kidney from reabsorbing glucose. Your doctor may call this type of drug a “SGLT2 inhibitor.”

    Empagliflozin (Jardiance)

    How it works: Boosts how much glucose leaves your body in urine, and blocks your kidney from reabsorbing glucose. Your doctor may call this type of drug a “SGLT2 inhibitor.”

    Glimepiride (Amaryl)

    How it works: Lowers blood sugar by prompting the pancreas to release more insulin. Your doctor may call this type of drug “sulfonylureas.” Side effects of sulfonylureas include:

    • Low blood sugar
    • Upset stomach
    • Skin rash or itching
    • Weight gain

    Glipizide (Glucotrol and Glucotrol XL)

    How it works:Lowers blood sugar by prompting the pancreas to release more insulin. Your doctor may call this type of drug “sulfonylureas.” Side effects of sulfonylureas include:

    • Low blood sugar
    • Upset stomach
    • Skin rash or itching
    • Weight gain

    Glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase PresTab, Micronase)

    How it works: Lowers blood sugar by prompting the pancreas to release more insulin. Your doctor may call this type of drug “sulfonylureas.” Side effects of sulfonylureas include:

    • Low blood sugar
    • Upset stomach
    • Skin rash or itching
    • Weight gain

    Inhaled Insulin (Afrezza)

    How you take it: You put a cartridge, which contains a dose of this powdered, rapid-acting insulin, into an inhaler, and you use it before meals or soon after you start to eat.

    How it works: The insulin quickly moves from lung cells into the bloodstream. It doesn’t replace long-acting insulin (which you can’t inhale). You should not use it if you have a long-term lung disease, such as asthma or COPD, or if you smoke. It’s not recommended for treating diabetic ketoacidosis.

    Linagliptin (Tradjenta)

    How it works: Boosts insulin levels when blood sugars are too high, and tells the liver to cut back on making sugars. Your doctor may call this type of drug a “DPP-IV inhibitor.” These drugs do not cause weight gain. You may take them alone or with another drug, like metformin.

    Next Article:

    Is This Normal? Get the Facts Fast!

    Check Your Blood Sugar Level Now
    What type of diabetes do you have?
    Your gender:

    Get the latest Diabetes newsletter delivered to your inbox!


    or
    Answer:
    Low
    0-69
    Normal
    70-130
    High
    131+

    Your level is currently

    If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

    People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

    Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

    However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

    Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

    Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

    One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

    Did You Know Your Lifestyle Choices
    Affect Your Blood Sugar?

    Use the Blood Glucose Tracker to monitor
    how well you manage your blood sugar over time.

    Get Started

    This tool is not intended for women who are pregnant.

    Start Over

    Step:  of 

    Today on WebMD

    Diabetic tools
    Symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and more.
    woman flexing muscles
    10 strength training exercises.
     
    Blood sugar test
    12 practical tips.
    Tom Hanks
    Stars living with type 1 or type 2.
     
    Woman serving fast food from window
    Video
    Can Vinegar Treat Diabetes
    Article
     
    Middle aged person
    Tool
    are battery operated toothbrushes really better
    Video
     

    Prediabetes How to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
    Article
    type 2 diabetes
    Slideshow
     
    food fitness planner
    Tool
    Are You at Risk for Dupuytrens Contracture
    Article