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Diabetes Treatment With Insulin

(continued)

How Should I Store My Insulin? continued...

A good rule of thumb is that if the temperature is comfortable for you, the insulin is safe. Vials of insulin that you are using do not be need to be refrigerated. However, extra bottles of insulin should be stored in the refrigerator. The night before you are ready to use your new bottle, take it out of the refrigerator and allow it to warm to room temperature. Do not allow your insulin to freeze.

For insulin pens, check the package insert for storage instructions.

Always check your insulin bottle. Rapid-acting insulin, short-acting insulin, and certain long-acting insulins should be clear. Other forms of insulin should have a cloudy appearance but should be free of clumps.

If you are carrying your insulin with you, be careful not to shake it. Shaking the bottle creates air bubbles that can affect the amount of insulin you withdraw for an injection.

When Do I Take Insulin?

Follow your doctor's guidelines on when to take your insulin. The time span between your insulin injection and meals may vary depending on the type of insulin you are taking. For example, if you use a rapid-acting insulin, you should generally take it 10 minutes before eating a meal, or take it with your meal.

If you use regular- or intermediate-acting insulin, you should generally take it about one half-hour before your meals, or at bedtime. By taking your insulin one half-hour before meals, you are allowing your food to be absorbed at the same time that the insulin starts to work. This will help you avoid low blood sugar reactions.

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WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario, MD on July 30, 2014
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Is This Normal? Get the Facts Fast!

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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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