If you haven't yet been
diagnosed with prediabetes, you may want to talk to your doctor about
testing. The American Diabetes Association recommends
testing adults for
prediabetes, which may lead to
type 2 diabetes, if you:1
Are age 45 or older.
Are younger than 45 and overweight, and you have
high blood pressure,
high cholesterol, a family history of type 2 diabetes,
or other risk factors.
If the tests are normal, the American Diabetes Association recommends repeat testing at least every 3 years.
If you have diabetes, you already know the drill. What you eat, when you eat, and how much you eat can send your blood sugar skyrocketing -- or make it plummet. For better or worse, "diet and diabetes" go together like salt and pepper.
So if you need a little motivation to eat better - and who doesn't? - consider this: with diabetes, you're at high risk of the nerve pain and damage called diabetic neuropathy. What can start as a little tingling or numbness in your feet can turn into major problems...
Hemoglobin A1c. This test estimates your blood sugar over the past 2 to 3 months.
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). For an OGTT, your blood sugar is measured after fasting
and then again 2 hours after you drink a special glucose
liquid. This test is not done as often as the fasting
glucose test, which is more convenient.
You have prediabetes if:
The results of your A1c test are 5.7% to 6.4%. For all of these tests, lower numbers are best.
The results of your OGTT are 140 to 199 mg/dL (2 hours after the beginning of the
Phrases such as "a touch of diabetes," "borderline
diabetes," and "your sugar is a little high" are unclear. If you hear these
phrases, ask your doctor if your blood sugar level
is in the prediabetes or diabetes range.
Tests for other health problems
If you are diagnosed with prediabetes, your doctor
may also want to:
Check your blood pressure.
Do a blood test
to check your cholesterol levels.
Test your blood sugar regularly
to check for type 2 diabetes.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
November 14, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this