If you haven't yet been
diagnosed with prediabetes, you may want to talk to your doctor about
testing. The American Diabetes Association recommends
testing adults for
prediabetes, which may lead to
type 2 diabetes, if you:1
Are age 45 or older.
Are younger than 45 and overweight, and you have
high blood pressure,
high cholesterol, a family history of type 2 diabetes,
or other risk factors.
If the tests are normal, the American Diabetes Association recommends repeat testing at least every 3 years.
Andrea Kolligian has learned that she's likely to get well-meaning comments if she eats a donut.
"Can you eat that? Are you sure you can eat that?" a friend or coworker will ask.
Kolligian, an administrative assistant at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes when she was a teenager, and has been taking insulin ever since. But like many people with type I diabetes, she's learned that the growing prevalence of the type 2 form of the disease, which is often...
Hemoglobin A1c. This test estimates your blood sugar over the past 2 to 3 months.
Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). For an OGTT, your blood sugar is measured after fasting
and then again 2 hours after you drink a special glucose
liquid. This test is not done as often as the fasting
glucose test, which is more convenient.
You have prediabetes if:
The results of your A1c test are 5.7% to 6.4%. For all of these tests, lower numbers are best.
The results of your OGTT are 140 to 199 mg/dL (2 hours after the beginning of the
Phrases such as "a touch of diabetes," "borderline
diabetes," and "your sugar is a little high" are unclear. If you hear these
phrases, ask your doctor if your blood sugar level
is in the prediabetes or diabetes range.
Tests for other health problems
If you are diagnosed with prediabetes, your doctor
may also want to:
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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