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    Understanding Diabetes -- Diagnosis and Treatment

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    Diabetes Drugs continued...

    For some people with type 2 diabetes, diet and exercise are enough to keep the disease under control. Other people need medication, which may include insulin and an oral drug.

    Drugs for type 2 diabetes work in different ways to bring blood sugar levels back to normal. They include:

    Some pills contain more than one type of diabetes medication. They include the recently approved empagliflozin/linagliptin (Glyxambi). It combines a SGLT2 inhibitor that blocks reabsorption of glucose into the kidneys with a DPP-4 inhibitor which increases hormones to help the pancreas produce more insulin and the liver produce less glucose.

     

     

    Nutrition and Meal Timing for Diabetes

    Eating a balanced diet is vital for people who have diabetes, so work with your doctor or dietitian to set up a menu plan. If you have type 1 diabetes, the timing of your insulin dosage is determined by activity and diet. When you eat and how much you eat are just as important as what you eat. Usually, doctors recommend three small meals and three to four snacks every day to maintain the proper balance between sugar and insulin in the blood.

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