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What Is Diabetes Insipidus?

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How Is It Treated?

First, the doctor will tell you to drink plenty of fluids. That will replace the constant loss of water.

If you have central diabetes insipidus, there are medications. Vasopressin (Pitressin) or desmopressin (DDAVP) can replace your missing ADH. It usually comes as a nasal spray. There are also treatments that can make these drugs work better.

Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus can be harder to treat. If it’s caused by a drug, stopping the medicine can help. Other medicines may improve the symptoms. These include indomethacin (Indocin), and diuretics like hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide) or amiloride (Moduretic 5-50).

How Serious Is It?

Diabetes insipidus doesn’t cause kidney failure or lead to dialysis. Your kidneys still do their main job, which is to filter your blood.

However, you will be more prone to dehydration. Make sure you always have something to drink close by especially when it’s hot or when you exercise.

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Michael Dansinger, MD on September 03, 2014
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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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