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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Type 2 Diabetes - Topic Overview

    Is this topic for you?This topic provides general information about type 2 diabetes and how you can help prevent the disease. If you or your child has type 2 diabetes and you are looking for more specific information on how to live with the disease, see:Type 2 Diabetes: Recently Diagnosed, if you have been told recently that you have type 2 diabetes.Type 2 Diabetes: Living With the Disease, if ...

  2. Diabetic Nephropathy - Treatment Overview

    Diabetic nephropathy is treated with medications that lower blood pressure and protect the kidneys. These medications may reverse kidney damage and are started as soon as any amount of protein is found in the urine (microalbuminuria).

  3. Type 2 Diabetes - What Happens

    Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease that affects the way your body uses food for energy. The disease develops when the cells of the body become resistant to insulin or when the pancreas cannot make enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body's cells get needed energy from sugar. When insulin is not able to do its job, too much sugar builds up in your blood. Over time, this extra ..

  4. Type 2 Diabetes - Symptoms

    At first, your blood sugar level may rise so slowly that you may not know that anything is wrong. One - third of all people who have diabetes do not know that they have the disease.1If you do have symptoms of type 2 diabetes, they may include:Feeling thirsty. Having to urinate more than usual.Feeling more hungry than usual.Losing weight without trying to.Feeling very tired.Feeling cranky.Other ...

  5. Type 2 Diabetes - What Increases Your Risk

    There are some things that you cannot change that increase your chances of getting type 2 diabetes including:Your family history. If you have a parent, brother, or sister who has type 2 diabetes, you have a greater chance of developing the disease. Your race and ethnicity. African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders are at greater risk of developing type

  6. Type 2 Diabetes - Treatment Overview

    It can be scary to learn that you, your child, a family member, or a friend has type 2 diabetes or is at risk for the disease. Many people are shocked when they find out that they have type 2 diabetes. Others are relieved to know what has been causing their symptoms. Although it is normal to feel angry or depressed about having a serious lifelong disease, it is important to remember that many ...

  7. Diabetic Nephropathy - Symptoms

    There are no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic nephropathy. The only sign of kidney damage may be small amounts of protein leaking into the urine (microalbuminuria).

  8. Type 2 Diabetes - Prevention

    Preventing type 2 diabetesYou can take steps to prevent type 2 diabetes. Even small changes can make a difference, and it is never too late to start making healthier choices.Maintain a healthy weight. To find out if you are overweight, you can use the body mass index (BMI) chart for adults or the same chart in metric. If you need to lose weight, losing as few as to can help reduce your risk of ...

  9. Type 2 Diabetes - Other Treatment

    You may be tempted to try products or pills that promise to cure your type 2 diabetes. But these products and remedies can be harmful and expensive. If you are considering taking any medicines or herbal remedies without a prescription, talk to your doctor first. ...

  10. Diabetic Nephropathy - Topic Overview

    Diabetic nephropathy is a complication of diabetes that is caused by uncontrolled high blood sugar.

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Normal
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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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