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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Diabetic Neuropathy - Topic Overview

    Glomerular filtration is the process by which the kidneys filter the blood,removing excess wastes and fluids. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is a calculation that determines how well the blood is filtered by the kidneys,which is one way to measure remaining kidney function. Glomerular filtration rate is usually calculated using a mathematical formula that compares a person's size,age,sex,...

  2. Diabetic Neuropathy - Topic Overview

    You can use the American Diabetes Association's risk test for diabetes to see whether you are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. If you are age 45 or older,the American Diabetes Association recommends that you get tested for diabetes every 3 years. 1 The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends diabetes testing for people who have blood pressure higher than 135/80. ...

  3. Diabetic Neuropathy - Topic Overview

    If you are a woman with type 1 or type 2 diabetes who is planning to become pregnant, meet with your doctor. Your doctor will want to talk to you about your A1c goal, your medicine for diabetes, your weight, and getting enough folic acid. Your doctor will want to make sure that you are up to date with immunizations. And you'll want to have your cholesterol, thyroid, eyes, and blood pressure checked to see if you need treatment changes. Your diabetes puts your developing baby at risk for birth defects. This is especially true if you don't keep your blood sugar in a target range during the early part of pregnancy. And during pregnancy, your high blood sugar can cause your baby to be very large. This will make delivery hard for both of you. After delivery, your baby is more likely to have jaundice. High blood sugar during your pregnancy causes your baby to make extra insulin. After delivery, your baby may continue to make too much insulin and be at risk for low blood sugar. Many women

  4. Diabetes: Dealing With Low Blood Sugar From Insulin

    Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) occurs in people with diabetes when the sugar (glucose) level in the blood drops below what the body needs to function normally. Key pointsIf your blood sugar drops below 65 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), you most likely will have symptoms, such as feeling tired, weak, or shaky.If your blood sugar drops very low (usually below 20 mg/dL) and you do not get help, ..

  5. Diabetic Neuropathy - Topic Overview

    A diagnosis of type 1 diabetes can be difficult to deal with at any age,but it can be particularly hard for a child. Children face special emotional and physical challenges in dealing with their disease. Your child will probably experience a wide range of emotions,which may change from minute to minute. Be sure you are as supportive as possible as your child learns how to manage the disease ...

  6. Diabetic Neuropathy - Topic Overview

    Take care of your supplies so that you can test your blood sugar safely and get the most accurate blood sugar results. These results will be used to evaluate your treatment for diabetes.Meters. Follow the instructions from the manufacturer about how to care for the meter. All meters can be damaged by being dropped or jarred and by exposure to very hot or very cold temperatures. Some meters need to be cleaned regularly and have their batteries changed periodically.Lancets. Lancets must be thrown away safely after they are used. Do not put lancets into your household wastebasket or trash can; a used lancet might accidentally stick someone. Put your used lancets in a plastic container (such as a small, empty soda pop bottle or laundry detergent bottle) and seal it when it is three-quarters full. Check with your local trash disposal agency about how you need to dispose of lancets. Some agencies have special ways to get rid of this type of waste.Strips. Protect the test strips from

  7. Diabetic Neuropathy - Prevention

    If you have any of the risk factors for prediabetes, you can take steps to prevent this condition as well as the progression to full - blown type 2 diabetes. Keeping your blood sugar within the target range is the best way to prevent prediabetes. You can play a key role in controlling your blood sugar levels by:Losing weight if you are overweight. Studies have shown that losing just 5% to 10% of .

  8. Diabetic Neuropathy - Topic Overview

    Dialysis is a lifesaving treatment when you have kidney failure. To keep up a regular dialysis schedule, you need a sturdy dialysis access where blood can flow in and out of the body. It must have a good, steady blood flow.Any type of dialysis access has some risk of failure. So it's important to always protect your access and be alert for signs of clotting or infection. Call your doctor right away about any signs of trouble. Make a habit of talking with your dialysis nurses and doctor about how well your access is doing.If your dialysis access fails, it will be repaired or replaced. You and your doctor will choose your next best option for dialysis access. What are the options for hemodialysis access?Permanent accessThere are two permanent access types:An arteriovenous (AV) graft is made by inserting a small tube between an artery and a vein, usually in the upper arm or forearm. A graft is a good choice if you have small veins or other problems. It can sometimes be used as soon as 1

  9. Diabetic Neuropathy - Topic Overview

    Sometimes complications develop even when risk factors such as blood sugar level and blood pressure have been controlled. But following your treatment to control your blood sugar levels is still an important part of your treatment.The most common serious complications from diabetes are coronary artery disease (CAD) and stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and foot disease. All diabetes complications can require specialized medical treatment depending on their severity. Some of these conditions, such as CAD, may be adequately managed by your primary care doctor. If the disease progresses, you may need to see a specialist.Symptoms of diabetes complications can develop when you have prediabetes, diabetes that has not been diagnosed early, and even diabetes that has been treated. Complications of diabetes and symptoms of serious problemsComplication of diabetesConsequencesSymptomsSmall blood vessel (microvascular) diseases Weakening of small blood vessels called capillaries causes blood to

  10. Diabetes in Children: Treating Low Blood Sugar

    Low blood sugar, also called hypoglycemia, occurs when the sugar (glucose) level in the blood of a person with diabetes drops below what the body needs to function normally. Taking too much insulin, not eating enough food or skipping meals, or exercising more than usual can cause blood sugar levels to drop rapidly.If your child's blood sugar level drops very low and he or she does not get help, ..

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