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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Snack Ideas for Preschoolers - Topic Overview

    If your child has type 1 diabetes,insulin,food,and exercise must balance to keep your child's blood sugar in his or her target range. Insulin and exercise lower blood sugar levels. Food (especially carbohydrate foods) can raise blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. Small children tend to go through phases of picky eating. Try to offer a wide variety of fun,nutritious choices. ...

  2. Diabetes in Children: Special Camps - Topic Overview

    Camps for children who have diabetes provide an opportunity for the child to meet and share experiences with other children who have the disease. These camps support the child in assuming responsibility for his or her disease and gaining independence in diabetes care. It's also a fun outdoor experience that may include swimming, hiking, or other sports. Camps provide a respite for parents, a time when they can take a break from managing the disease. Parents can rest assured that their child will get appropriate care during this time at camp.These camps are run by trained medical and camp staff. They aim to keep children's blood sugar levels within a target range by balancing insulin doses with the increased activity level and food intake.What you doTo help your child have a good experience at camp:Make sure the camp is accredited by the American Camping Association.Review the camp policies. Camp policies include management of your child's diabetes care, management of other medical

  3. Vascular Access Failure - Topic Overview

    Dialysis is a lifesaving treatment when you have kidney failure. To keep up a regular dialysis schedule, you need a sturdy dialysis access where blood can flow in and out of the body. It must have a good, steady blood flow.Any type of dialysis access has some risk of failure. So it's important to always protect your access and be alert for signs of clotting or infection. Call your doctor right away about any signs of trouble. Make a habit of talking with your dialysis nurses and doctor about how well your access is doing.If your dialysis access fails, it will be repaired or replaced. You and your doctor will choose your next best option for dialysis access. What are the options for hemodialysis access?Permanent accessThere are two permanent access types:An arteriovenous (AV) graft is made by inserting a small tube between an artery and a vein, usually in the upper arm or forearm. A graft is a good choice if you have small veins or other problems. It can sometimes be used as soon as 1

  4. Diabetes: Dealing With Low Blood Sugar From Medicines

    Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) occurs when the sugar (glucose) level in the blood drops below what the body needs to function normally. Some pills for diabetes can cause low blood sugar. Key pointsLow blood sugar as a side effect of oral diabetes medications usually causes mild symptoms, such as sweating, shakiness, and hunger.Taking too many of your pills in one day, not eating enough food, or ..

  5. Type 1 Diabetes: Medical History and Physical Exam - Topic Overview

    If your doctor thinks that you might have type 1 diabetes, he or she may ask questions about your symptoms, family history of the disease, and personal medical history. Questions for the medical history may include the following:Have you had increased thirst, increased urination, and fatigue?How long have the symptoms been present?Have you had an increase in appetite?Have you lost weight lately?Is there a family history of diabetes?What other medical conditions do you have?What medications are you are currently taking?Have you been ill recently?Has growth and development progressed normally (if the person is a child)?Your doctor will also give you a complete physical exam. You will continue having exams on a regular basis if you are diagnosed with this disease. The physical exam includes: Measuring your height and weight. Children and teens will have their height and weight compared to standards that are normal for their age groups. Checking your blood pressure. For adults, blood

  6. Fournier's Gangrene - Topic Overview

    Fournier's gangrene is a serious,life-threatening infection of the male genital area. The infection usually starts in the skin of the genitals (penis or scrotum),the urethra,or the rectal area. There are several conditions that may lead to this infection. Frequently an injury or burn to the area occurred before the infection. Genital surgery,a sexually transmitted infection (STI),or a ...

  7. Type 1 Diabetes: Your Child's Role in Care - Topic Overview

    Children with diabetes should participate in their treatment to the extent that is fitting for their age and experience with the disease. Toddlers and preschool-aged children usually aren't able to do tasks for diabetes care such as giving insulin or checking blood sugar. As children get older,they generally cooperate with these tasks. Children in elementary school can cooperate in all tasks ...

  8. Quick Tips: Diabetes and Shift Work - Get Started

    Managing diabetes is all about setting a healthy routine of medicine,eating,exercise,and sleep. But when you work night shifts or have changing work shifts,it can seem like there’s nothing at all routine about your life. It’s definitely more of a chore to manage diabetes under such conditions,but it can be done. These tips may help. Get organized Talk to your doctor,diabetes ...

  9. Diabetes: Steps for Foot-Washing - Topic Overview

    Because you have diabetes,you need to wash your feet carefully each day. Post this list of proper foot-washing steps in your bathroom. Wash and dry your feet Use warm (not hot) water. Check the water temperature with your wrists,not your feet. You can soak your feet for about 10 minutes if you want to. Wash all areas of your feet,especially the underside of your toes and between them. ...

  10. Choosing an Insulin Pump - Topic Overview

    Most insulin pumps have the same basic features: The ability to program more than one basal rate: for example,a rate for work days,a rate for days off,a rate for working the night shift. The ability to set a temporary basal rate: for example,you can tell your pump to give you less insulin while you go for a jog. Several meal bolus options. (A bolus is an extra amount of insulin.) Basic ...

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