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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Diabetes in Children: Preventing High Blood Sugar

    High blood sugar, also called hyperglycemia, occurs when the sugar (glucose) level in the blood rises above normal. For a person who has diabetes, high blood sugar may be caused by missed oral diabetes medication or insulin injection, eating too much, skipping physical activity, or illness or stress. The rapid growth during the teen years can also make it more difficult to keep your child's blood

  2. Diabetes: Preventing High Blood Sugar Emergencies

    High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) in diabetes occurs when the sugar (glucose) level in the blood rises above normal. For a person who has diabetes, high blood sugar may be caused by missed diabetes medication (insulin or pills), eating too many calories, skipping exercise, or by illness or stress.Unlike low blood sugar, high blood sugar usually develops slowly over hours or days. Blood sugar ...

  3. Diabetes in Children: Giving Insulin Shots to a Child

    Insulin is available only in an injectable form that is given into the fatty tissue just under the skin. Most people use insulin in an injection, or shot. While it can also be given through an insulin pump or jet injector, this information does not pertain to these devices. Get information from your child's doctor about how to use these properly. You will need to give your child's insulin until ..

  4. Diabetes in Children: Checking Blood Sugar in a Child

    Your child needs to know when his or her blood sugar level is outside the target range. Fortunately, your child's blood sugar level can be checked anywhere and anytime by using a home blood sugar (glucose) meter. Blood sugar meters give results in less than a minute.Knowing your child's blood sugar level helps you treat low or high blood sugar before it becomes an emergency. It also helps you ...

  5. Diabetic Neuropathy

    WebMD explains the common complication of diabetes called neuropathy and how it can damage your nerves.

  6. Diabetes and Alcohol - Topic Overview

    How does alcohol affect diabetes? When you have diabetes,you need to be careful with alcohol. If you take insulin or pills for diabetes,drinking alcohol may cause low blood sugar. Too much alcohol can also affect your ability to know when your blood sugar is low and to treat it. Drinking alcohol can make you feel lightheaded at first and drowsy as you drink more,both of which may be ...

  7. Pancreatic Islet Cell Transplantation for Diabetes - Topic Overview

    If you have pancreatic islet cell surgery because of type 1 diabetes,a surgeon will insert a small group of working pancreas cells (islet cells) from two or more donors through the portal vein in your liver. After surgery,these cells slowly begin producing insulin. When the cells produce enough insulin to stabilize your blood sugar,you may no longer need insulin injections. Although this ...

  8. What Is A1c? - Topic Overview

    Hemoglobin A1c is a test that indicates the average level of blood sugar over the past 2 to 3 months. People with diabetes need to have this test done regularly to see whether their blood sugar levels have been staying within a target range. Blood for a hemoglobin A1c test can be collected at home or at your doctor's office. Home testing may not be an option for everyone. Check with your ...

  9. Peripheral Neuropathy and Diabetes

    Learn the risk factors and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy, nerve damage that is a common diabetes complication.

  10. Treatment for Diabetes Nerve Pain

    Learn more about peripheral neuropathy, which is nerve pain caused by diabetes.

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Normal
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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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