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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Diabetic Retinopathy - Surgery

    Surgical removal of the vitreous gel (vitrectomy) is one of only two effective treatments for diabetic retinopathy. Laser treatment is the other.

  2. Diabetic Retinopathy - What Increases Your Risk

    Your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy depends largely on two factors: how long you have had diabetes and what type of diabetes you have.

  3. Diabetic Retinopathy - Treatment Overview

    There is no cure for diabetic retinopathy. However, laser treatment (photocoagulation) is usually very effective at preventing vision loss if it is done before the retina has been severely damaged.

  4. Diabetic Retinopathy - Prevention

    There are steps you can take to reduce your chance of vision loss from diabetic retinopathy and its complications: Control your blood sugar levels. Long - term studies show that keeping blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible reduces the risk of

  5. Diabetic Retinopathy - Symptoms

    You may have diabetic retinopathy for a long time without noticing any symptoms. Typically, retinopathy does not cause noticeable symptoms until significant damage has occurred and complications have developed.

  6. Diabetic Retinopathy - When To Call a Doctor

    Call your doctor immediately if you have diabetes and notice floaters in your field of vision. Floaters often appear as dark specks, globs, strings, or dots. A sudden shower of floaters may be a sign of a retinal detachment, which is a serious complicatic

  7. Diabetic Retinopathy - Health Tools

    This health tool will help you make wise health decisions or take action regarding retinopathy.

  8. Laser Photocoagulation for Diabetic Retinopathy

    Laser photocoagulation uses the heat from a laser to seal or destroy abnormal, leaking blood vessels in the retina. One of two approaches may be used when treating diabetic retinopathy:Focal photocoagulation. Focal treatment is used to seal specific leaking blood vessels in a small area of the retina, usually near the macula. The ophthalmologist identifies individual blood vessels for treatment ..

  9. Reading Food Labels When You Have Diabetes - Introduction

    WebMD explains how those with diabetes should read food labels to determine if a food is healthy or not.

  10. Low Blood Sugar: Emergency Care - Topic Overview

    This information is for people who may help you if you are too weak or confused to treat your own low blood sugar from diabetes or some other health condition that can cause low blood sugar. Make a copy for your partner, coworkers, and friends. If your child has diabetes, you need to provide a copy for teachers, coaches, and other school staff.If the person has type 2 diabetes and is taking medicine that can continue to cause low blood sugar, stay with the person for a few hours after his or her blood sugar level has returned to the target range.Make sure the person can swallow.Lift the person's head so that it will be easier for the person to swallow.Give the person ½ teaspoon of water to swallow.If the person can swallow the water without choking or coughing:Give him or her 4 fl oz (118 mL) to 6 fl oz (177 mL) of liquid (juice or soda pop) from the list of quick-sugar foods.Wait 10 to 15 minutes.If a home blood sugar meter is available, check the person's blood sugar level.Offer

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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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