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Diabetes Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Diabetes

  1. Diabetes Guide - Symptoms

    Symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually develop quickly, over a few days to weeks, and are caused by blood sugar levels rising above the normal range (hyperglycemia).

  2. Diabetic Retinopathy - Topic Overview

    What is diabetic retinopathy? Many people with diabetes develop a problem with their eyes called diabetic retinopathy. Diabetes can damage the small blood vessels in the retina.

  3. Diabetic Retinopathy - Exams and Tests

    Diabetic retinopathy can be detected during an exam by an ophthalmologist or optometrist. An exam by your primary doctor, during which your eyes are not dilated, is not an adequate substitute for a full exam done by an ophthalmologist. Eye exams for peopl

  4. Diabetes Guide - Exams and Tests

    Learn about exams and tests for type 1 diabetes.

  5. Diabetic Retinopathy - Surgery

    Surgical removal of the vitreous gel (vitrectomy) is one of only two effective treatments for diabetic retinopathy. Laser treatment is the other.

  6. Diabetic Retinopathy - What Happens

    Diabetic retinopathy begins as a mild disease. During the early stage of the disease, the small blood vessels in the retina become weaker and develop small bulges called microaneurysms. These microaneurysms are the earliest signs of retinopathy.

  7. Type 1 Diabetes: Children Living With the Disease - Other Treatment

    Avoid products that promise a 'cure' for type 1 diabetes. No such cure exists.

  8. Type 1 Diabetes - What Increases Your Risk

    Risk factors for type 1 diabetes include: Family history of type 1 diabetes.

  9. Diabetic Nephropathy - Treatment Overview

    Diabetic nephropathy is treated with medications that lower blood pressure and protect the kidneys. These medications may reverse kidney damage and are started as soon as any amount of protein is found in the urine (microalbuminuria).

  10. Diabetic Retinopathy - Other Treatment

    Laser treatment (photocoagulation) can be an effective treatment for diabetic retinopathy, but it does not cure the disease. It can prevent, delay, and sometimes reverse vision loss.

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Normal
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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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